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Civics Chapter 3.4

Forms of Government

TermDefinition
Democracy a government in which citizens hold the power to rule
Direct Democracy a type of government in which the people themselves meet and make the laws that they decide are needed
Representative Democracy a system of government in which the people elect officials to make and administer laws for their country
Republic a government based on representative democracy
Monarchy a form of government in which political power is held by a single ruler such as a king or queen
Authoritarian power is held by a person or a group not accountable to the people
Autocracy A government in which a single ruler or group has unlimited power; dictatorship
Socialism an economic system in which most forms of economically valuable property and resources are owned or controlled by the state
Communism a one party system of government based on the idea of state ownership and direction of property and industry
Oligarchy a form of government in which all power is in the hands of a few persons or in a dominant class or group; government by the few
Parliamentary a legislative body that holds meetings or assembly for conference on public or national affairs
Federal power is divided among a central, national government and smaller self-governing political units such as states
Confederal relating to or involving two or more nations
Unitary central government is supreme
Created by: MsZAMS