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Anatomy & Physiology

SSLY teacher training

The Skeletal System Bones: The framework of the body
The Muscular System The tissues of the body that generate motion and stability through their attachments to the bones: muscles, tendons, & ligaments
The Cardiovascular System The system of Blood, Heart and Blood Vessels
The Respiratory System Upper Respiratory (nose and pharynx) Lower Respiratory (larynx, trachea, bronchi and lungs)
The Digestive System The Gastrointestinal (GI) Tract (mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine and large intestine) The Accessory Structures (teeth, tongue, salivary gland, liver, gallbladder and pancreas)
The Nervous System Central Nervous System (brain and spinal cord) Peripheral Nervous System (nerves)
The Endocrine System Hormones Exocrine and Endocrine Glands
The Lymphatic System This is the system of Lymphatic Fluid, Tissues, Vessels Red Bone Marrow
The Integumentary System Skin
The Urinary System The system of Kidneys, Ureters, Urinary Bladder and Urethra
The Reproductive System Female (ovaries) Male (testes)
Define Anatomy The scientific system for understanding bodily structures and their relationships.
Define Physiology Describes the functions and metabolic processes of the body.
How is anatomy and physiology related to yoga? Having a functional understanding of anatomy and physiology is beneficial to yoga. This knowledge can be applied to optimize your yoga practice, break through blockages and avoid injuries.
Name four items that correspond to the skeletal system? Vertebral column, Sternum, Skull, Framework of the body
Name four items that correspond to the muscular system? Ligaments, Tendons, Muscles, Connective tissues
Name three items that correspond to the cardiovascular system? Heart, Blood, Blood vessels
Name four items that correspond to the respiratory system? Pharynx, Bronchi, Trachea, Nose
Name four items that correspond to the digestive system? Esophagus, Salivary Gland, Pancreas, Large Intestine
Name four items that correspond to the nervous system? Spinal cord, Cranial nerves, Spinal nerves, Brain
Name four items that correspond to the endocrine system? Thyroid, Adrenal, Pituitary, Hormones
Name four items that correspond to the lymphatic system? Lymphatic fluid, Tissues, Vessels, Red Bone Marrow
Name four items that correspond to the integumentary system? Hair, Nails, Sebaceous glands, Skin
Name four items that correspond to the urinary system? Kidneys, Urinary bladder, Urethra, Ureters
Name four items that correspond to the reproductive system? Testes, Uterus, Prostate gland, Ovaries
Select five organs bases on the information in your manual Brain, Small intestine, Liver, Skin, Spleen
Select five types of cells Ovum, Bone, Skin, Spleen
Select five glands Ovaries, Lymph, Thyroid, Gonad, Adrenal
Out of the hundreds of bones in the body, the clavicle, the scapula and the sternum are some of the most useful bones for any student or teacher of yoga to know. True or False? True
Clavicle Collar bone
Scapula Shoulder blade
Sternum Breast bone
Ilium Hip bone
Patella Knee cap
Tibia Shin bone
Ischium Sit bone
Calcaneous and Talus Heel
Bone is the dynamic living tissue that forms the body's structural framework. True or False? True
Larger range of motion in all directions. Socket joints
Attach muscles to the bone Tendons
Most of their motion in just one plane Hinge joints
Connect to the bone Ligaments
Practitioners us this stretching to deepen their postures Facilitated Stretching
Practitioners use this stretching during vinyasa type practice. It involves repetitive movements of the body into deeper stretches Dynamic Stretching
It's the most common technique used in hatha yhoga. It can be an active or passive stretching. Static Stretching
Muscle that works Baddha Konasana Piriformis
Muscle that works Trikonasana Illiopsoas
Muscle that works Padmasana Fascia Lata
Muscle that works Bhujangasana Latissimus Dorsi
Muscle that works Setu Bandhasana Rotator Cuff
Muscles in the Pelvic Girdle and Thighs Illiopsoas, Quadriceps, Tensor Fascia Lata, Gluteus Maximus, Gluteus Maximus, Adductor Magnus
Muscles in the Trunk Trapezius, External Oblique, Latissimus Dorsi, Rectus Abdominus, Pectoralis Major
Muscles in the Shoulder Girdle and Upper Arms Deltoids, Triceps, Serratus Anterior, Biceps, Rhomboids
Closer to the midline of the body Medial
Away from the midline Lateral
Closer to the trunk or midline Proximal
Away from the trunk or midline Distral
Above or towards the head Superior
Below or away from the heart Inferior
Towards the front of the body Anterior
Towards the back of the body Posterior
On the front of the body Ventral
On the back of the body Dorsal
Towards the skin Superficial
Inside the body Deep
The form or shape of the bone does not reflect its function. True or False? False
The four normal curves of the spine in order starting fromthe top of the vertebral column Cervical lordosis, thoracic kyphosis, lumbar lordosis, sacral kyphosis
Proximal attachment of the muscle to a bone Origin
Distal attachment of the muscle to a bone Insertion
Muscle that contracts to produce a certain movement in the joint Agonist
Muscle that relaxes while agonist contracts Antagonist
Muscle that assists the action of the agonist Synergist
The muscle shortens while maintaining constant tension through a range of motion Concentric contraction
The muscle contracts while lengthening Eccentric contraction
The muscle generates tension but does not shorten and the bones do not move Isometric contraction
Divides the body into front and back Coronal plane
Divides the body into right and left Sagittal plane
Divides the body into upper and lower halves Transverse plane
Moves the extremity forward Flexion
Moves the extremity backward, usually. Extension
Moves the extremity away from the midline Abduction
Moves the extremity towards the midline Adduction
Rotation towards the midline Internal rotation
Rotation away from the midline External rotation
Five precautions to be aware of during pregnancy Avoid rapid breathing, Avoid standing for extended periods of time, Avoid lying flat on back for prolonged periods of time after the third month, Squatting time should be limited, Never strain in a pose
Three yoga recommendations during pregnancy Breath using sound especially the chakra sounds, Practice recommended pranayamas, Move quietly from within.
In yoga the breath is intimately associated with prana which translates from Sanskit to English as "secondary impluse". True or False? False
Which pranayama exercises are recommended during pregnancy? Belly Breathing with variations such as 3 Part Breath, Nadi Shodhana, Ujjayi
Created by: judithlee



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