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AHP 318.1

Medical terminology AHP 318 Test 1 study cards

QuestionAnswer
aden/o gland
arthr/o joint
bi/o life
carin/o cancerous, cancer
cardi/o heart
cephal/o head
cerebr/o cerebrum (largest part of the brain)
cis/o to cut
crin/o to secrete( to form and give off)
cyst/o urinary bladder, a sac or cyst
cyt/o cell
derm/o skin
dermat/o skin
electr/o electricity
encehpla/o brain
enter/o intestines
erythr/o red
gastr/o stomach
gnos/o knowledge
gynec/o woman,female
hemat/o blood
hem/a blood
hepat/o liver
iatr/o treatment, physician
leuk/o white
nephr/r kidney
neur/o nerve
onc/o tumor
ophtam/o eye
oste/o bone
path/o disease
ped/o child
psych/o mind
radi/o x-rays
ren/o kidney
rhin/o nose
sarc/o flesh
sect/o to cut
thromb/o clot clotting
ur/o urinary tract urine
ac pertaining to
al pertaining to
algia pain
cyte cell
ectomy excision remove
emia blood condition
genic pertaining to producing, produced by, produced in
globin protien
gram record
ic pertaining to
ical pertaining to
ion process
ist specialist
itis inflammation
logy study of
oma tumor, mass, swelling
opsy process of viewing
osis condition(usually abnormal)
pathy disease condition
scope instrument to visually examine
scopy process of visually examining with an endoscope
sis state of condition
tomy process of cutting, incision
y process condition
a, an no not without
aut/o self own
epi above, upon
dia through complete
end/o within
ex/o out, outside of, outward
hyper excessive, above, more than normal
hypo deficient,below, less than normal
in into, in
peri surrounding, around
pro before foward
re back, backwards,again
retro behind
sub below,under
trans across through
polyuria frequent urination
glycosuria sugar in the urine
neuropathy nerve damage
nephropathy kidney disease
opthalmic conditions leading to blindness
tachycardia increase heart rate
anterior/ventral front surface of the body
deep away from the surface
distal far from point of attachment
frontal/coronal plane plane dividing the body in anterior and posterior portions
inferior/caudal below another structure,lower portion of the body
lateral pertaining to the side
medial pertaining to the middle or near the middle of the body
posterior/dorsal back surface of the body
prone lying on the belly
proximal near the point of attachment
sagittal/lateral plane length wise vertical plane dividing the body into left and right sides
superficial on the surface
superior/cephalic above another structure, towards the head
supine lying on the back
transverse/cross sectional plane horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower portions
abdomin/o abdomen
adip/o fat
anter/o front
bol/o to cast/throw
cervic/o neck(of the body or of the uterus)
chondr/o cartilage
chrom/o color
coccyg/o tailbone
crain/o skull
cyt/o cell
dist/o far distant
does/o back portion of the body
hist/o tissue
ili/o ilium (part of the pelvic bone)
inguin/o groin
kary/o nucleus
later/o side
lumb/o lower back
medi/o middle
nucle/o nucleus
pelv/i pelvis
poster/o back behind
proxim/o nearest
sacr/o sacrum
sarc/o flesh
spin/o spine, backbone
thel/o nipple
thorac/o chest
trache/o trachea, windpipe
umbilic/o navel
ventr/o belly side of the body
verebr/o backbones
viscer/o internal organs
ana up
cata down
wpi above
hypo below
inter between
meta change
eal pertaining to
iac pertaining to
ior pertaining to
ism process condition
ose pertaining to, full of
plam formation
somes bodies
type picture classification
acr/o extermities,top,extreme point
acu/o sharp sever sudden
amni/o amnion(sac surrounding the embryo in the uterus)
angi/o vessel
arteri/o artery
axill/o arm pit
blephar/o eyelid
bronch/o bronchial tubes
chem/o drug chemical
col/o colon
hydr/o water fluid
isch/o to hold back
lapar/o adbomen, adbominal wall
laryng/o larynx
lymph/o lymph
mamm/o breast
mast/o breast
morph/o shape
muc/o mucus
my/o muscle
myle/o spinal cord, bone marrow
necr/o death
neutr/o neutrophils(white blood cell)
ot/o ear
peritone/o peritoneum
phag/o to eat swallow
phleb/o vein
plas/o formation development
pleur/o pleura
pneumon/o lungs
pulmon/o lungs
rect/o rectum
splen/o spleen
staphyl/o clusters
strept/o twisted chains
tonsill/o tonsils
ven/o veins
megaly enlargement
opsy to view
penia deficiency
phobia fear
plasia development, formation, growth
plasty surgical repair
ptosis drooping,sagging,prolapse
sclerosis hardening
stasis stopping,controlling
stomy opening to form a mouth(stoma)
therapy treatment
trophy development,nourishment
er one who
ia condition
ole small,little
um,ium structure,tissue
us structure,substance
al pertaining to
ar/y pertaining to
oid resembling
ous pertaining to
tic pertaining to
carp/o wrist bones
cib/o meals
cost/o rib
cutane/o skin
dactyl/o fingers,toes
duct/o to lead,carry
flex/o to bend
furc/o forking, branching
gloss/o tongue
glyc/o sugar
immun/o protection
morph/o shape/form
mort/o death
nat/i birth
nect/o to bind,tie,connect
norm/o rule, order
ox/o oxygen
pub/o pubis
seps/o infection
somn/o sleep
son/o sound
the/o to put, place
thyr/o thyroid gland
top/o place,position/locations
tox/o poison
urethr/o urethra
blast embryonic,immature
crine to secrete
cyesis pregnancy
drome to run
fusion coming together, to pour
gen substance that produces
laspe to slide, sag,or fall
lysis breakdown,separation,loosening
meter to measure
mission to send
or one who
partum birth labor
phoria to bear,carry,feeling(mental state)
physis to grow
rrhea flow,discharge
ab away from
ad towards
ante before, froward
anti against
bi two
brady slow
con with,together
contra against,opposite
de down,lack of
dys bad,painful,difficult,abnormal
ec,ecto out,outside
en,endo within, in
eu good,normal
hemi half
in into,within,not
infra beneath
intra into,within
macro large
mal bad
micro small
neo new
pan all
para abnormal,beside,near
per through
poly many,much
post after,behind
pre front,in front of
pro before,froward
pseudo false
re back again
retro behind,backward
supra above,upper
syn,sym together,with
tachy fast
trans across,through
ultra beyond,excess
uni one
alveol/o small sac
cac/o bad
cauter/o burn,heat
cry/o cold
fibr/o fibers
follicul/o small glandular sacs
fung/i fungus,mushrooms
medull/o soft inner part
mucos/o mucus membrane
mut/a genetic change
mutagen/o causing genetic changes
papill/o nipple like
pharmac/o chemical drug
plas/o formation
ple/o many,more
polyp/o polyp
scirrh/o hard
xer/o dry
blastoma immature tumor
genesis formation
suppersion to stop
apo off away
brachy short(distance)
prot/o first
tele far
eosinophils Type of leukocyte
basolphils Type of leukocyte
lymphocytes Type of leukocyte
monocytes Type of leukocyte
protoplasm first formation,gelatinous substance within cells
cell membrane protect the cell environment
nucleus site of replication
Chromosomes Nuclear structures composed of DNA and wrapped in protective protein that code for biological structure and function
cytoplasm gelatinous material in cell outside of nucleus
mitochondria site of energy production from catabolism(break large/complex into small/simple)
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) site of protein anabolism
Metabolism the combination of anabolism and catabolism
System: Digestive mouth,throat,esophagus,stomach,intestines,liver,gallbladder,pancreas
System:Urinary or excretory kidneys,ureters,urinary bladder,urethra
System:Respiratory nose,pharynx,trachea,bronchial tubes
System:Reproductive ovaries,fallopian tubes,uterus,vagina,mammary glands,testes,urethra,penis,prostate gland
System:Endocrine thyroid gland,pituitary gland, sex glands,adrenal glands,pancreas,parathyroid gland
System:Nervous brain,spinal cord,nerves, and collections of nerves
System:Circulatory heart,blood vessels,lymphatic vessels, nodes, spleen, thymus gland
System:Musculoskeletal muscles,bone,joint
System:Skin and sense organs skin,hair,nails, sweat glands, sebaceous (oil) glands, eyes, ears, nose, tongue
Tissues epithelial, muscle, nerve, connective
Cavities:Cranial Brian,pituitary gland
Cavities:Thoracic 2 pleural cavities,lungs,
Cavities: Mediastinum heart,esophagus,trachea,bronchial tubes, thymus gland,aorta
Cavities: Abdominal digestive organs and accessory organs, peritoneum
Cavities: Pelvic Urinary tract system,reproductive system,
Cavities: Spinal spinal cord and associated nerves
Hypochondriac right and left below cartilage of ribs that extend over abdomen
epigastric above the stomach
lumbar right and left near the waist
umbilical navel
inguinal right and left near the groin, iliac region
hypogastric middle region right below the umbilical region
Spine:Cervical Neck c1-c7
Spine:thoracic chest t1-t12
Spine:lumbar lower back l1-l5
Spine:sacral s1-s5, fused into one bone
Spine: coccygeal 4 fused bones at end of spine
Spine:Spinal column bone and vertebrae that protect the spinal cord
Spine:Spinal cord nerves
Hernia bulging forth,out pouching,protrusion of an organ or the muscular wall of an organ through the cavity that normally contains it.
Hiatial hernia stomach protrudes into mediastinum through esophagus opening of diaphragm cause back flow,heartburn
inguinal hernia intestine protrudes into groin, often scrotal sac in male usually treated surgically to avoid obstruction,strangulation,gangrene
umbilical hernia intestines protrude from the abdominal wall around the umbilical region
cystocele urinary bladder protrudes towards the vagina
rectocele rectum protrudes towards the vagina
dialysis separation of harmful products from the blood
Hemolytic disease incompatibility between mother and fetus blood
leukemia excessive abnormal white blood cells(cancer)
Ischemia to hold back blood
amniocentesis removing fluid from the amniotic sac
COCCI: COCCI berry shaped bacteria
COCCI:streptococci twisted chains of cocci causes strep throat,tonsillitis,Rheumatic fever,kidney diseases
COCCI:streptococci A flesh eating bacteria
COCCI: staphylococci clusters of cocci causes external skin absences and boils, food poisoning
COCCI: pneumococci lancet shaped cocci cause bacteria pneumonia in adults
COCCI:gonococci causes gonorrhea
Tumors: Carinomas cancer from epithelial cells
Tumors:sarcomas cancer from connective tissue
Tumors: Grading determines the degree of maturity or differentiation
Tumors:staging determines the amount of spread
Tumors:Grade1 well differentiated
Tumors:Grades 2&3 moderately to poorly differentiated
Tumors:Grade4 very differentiated often hard to determine the origin of the cells
Tumors:Staging Tis carcinoma in situ research term not practitioner term
Tumors: Staging TNM system
Tumors: Staging T tumor, size and degree of local spread
Tumors: Staging N nodes, number of regional lymph nodes invaded
Tumor: Staging M Metastases, presence or absence or malignant tumor cells at different sites
Created by: kallipso