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MedTerm 14

Medical Terminology for Health Professions Chapter 14 words activity

QuestionAnswer
Amenorrhea The abnormal absence of menstrual periods for ninety or more days.
Amniocentesis A surgical puncture with a needle to obtain a specimen of amniotic fluid.
Andropause Marked by the decrease of the male hormone testosterone; often referred to as male menopause.
Apgar score An evaluation of a newborn infant's physical status at one and five minutes after birth.
azoospermia The absence of sperm in the semen.
cervical dysplasia The presence of precancerous changes in the cells that make up the inner lining of the cervix.
Cervicitis An inflammation of the cervix that is usually caused by an infection.
Chlamydia Caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis, is the most common sexually transmitted disease.
chorionic villus sampling A diagnostic test to search for genetic abnormalities in the developing fetus.
colostrum A specialized form of milk that delivers essential nutrients and antibodies in a form that the newborn can digest.
Colpopexy The surgical fixation of the vagina to a surrounding structure.
Colporrhaphy The surgical suturing of a tear in the vagina.
Colposcopy The direct visual examination of the tissues of the cervix and vagina.
Dysmenorrhea Pain caused by uterine cramps during a menstrual period.
Eclampsia A more serious form of preeclampsia that is characterized by convulsions and sometimes coma.
ectopic pregnancy A potentially dangerous condition in which a fertilized egg is implanted and begins to develop outside of the uterus.
Endocervicitis An inflammation of the mucous membrane lining of the cervix.
Endometriosis A condition in which patches of endometrial tissue escape the uterus and become attached to other structures in the pelvic cavity.
Epididymitis Inflammation of the epididymis that is frequently caused by the spread of infection from the urethra or the bladder.
Episiotomy A surgical incision made into the perineum to enlarge the vaginal orifice to prevent tearing of the tissues as the infant moves out of the birth canal.
Fibroadenoma A round, firm, rubbery mass that arises from excess growth of glandular and connective tissue in the breast.
fibrocystic breast disease The presence of single or multiple benign cysts in the breasts.
Galactorrhea The production of breast milk in a woman who is not breastfeeding.
Gonorrhea A highly contagious sexually transmitted disease, is characterized by painful urination and an abnormal discharge from the penis or vagina.
Hematospermia The presence of blood in the seminal fluid.
Hydrocele A fluid-filled sac in the scrotum along the spermatic cord leading from the testicles.
Hypomenorrhea An unusually small amount of menstrual flow during a shortened regular menstrual period.
Hysterectomy The surgical removal of the uterus.
Hysterosalpingography A radiographic examination of the uterus and fallopian tubes.
Hysteroscopy The direct visual examination of the interior of the uterus and fallopian tubes.
Leucorrhea A profuse, whitish mucus discharge from the uterus and vagina.
Mastalgia Pain in the breast.
Mastopexy A mammoplasty to affix sagging breasts in a more elevated position; also called a breast lift.
Menarche The beginning of the menstrual function.
Menometrorrhagia Excessive uterine bleeding occurring both during the menses and at irregular intervals between periods.
Metrorrhea An abnormal discharge, such as mucus or pus, from the uterus.
Neonate The term used to describe a newborn during the first four weeks after birth.
Nulligravida A woman who has never been pregnant.
Nullipara A woman who has never borne a viable child
Obstetrician A physician who specializes in providing medical care to women during pregnancy, childbirth, and immediately thereafter.
Oligomenorrhea The term used to describe infrequent or very light menstruation in a woman with previously normal periods.
Oophorectomy The surgical removal of one or both ovaries.
Orchidectomy The surgical removal of one or both testicles.
Orchiopexy The repair of an undescended testicle.
Ovariorrhexis The rupture of an ovary.
Perimenopause The term used to designate the transition phase between regular menstrual periods and no periods at all.
Peyronie’s disease A form of sexual dysfunction in which the penis is bent or curved during erection.
placenta previa The abnormal implantation of the placenta in the lower portion of the uterus.
polycystic ovary syndrome A condition caused by a hormonal imbalance in which the ovaries are enlarged by the presence of many cysts formed by incompletely developed follicles.
Preeclampsia A complication of pregnancy characterized by hypertension, edema, and proteinuria.
Priapism A painful erection that lasts four hours or more but is either not accompanied by sexual excitement or does not go away after sexual stimulation has ended.
Primigravida A woman during her first pregnancy.
Primipara A woman who has borne one viable child.
pruritus vulvae A condition of severe itching of the external female genitalia.
salpingo-oophorectomy The surgical removal of a fallopian tube and ovary.
Syphilis Caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum, is a highly contagious sexually transmitted disease that can be fatal if not treated.
Trichomoniasis An infection caused by the protozoan parasite Trichomonas vaginalis; also known as trich.
uterine prolapsed The condition in which the uterus slides from its normal position in the pelvic cavity and sags into the vagina.
Varicocele A knot of widening varicose veins in one side of the scrotum.
Vasovasostomy A procedure performed as an attempt to restore fertility to a vasectomized male.
Created by: jillcyr
 

 



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