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Medical Terminology for Health Professions Chapter 13 words activity
|A rare chronic disease characterized by abnormal enlargement of the extremities caused by the excessive secretion of growth hormone after puberty.
|Occurs when the adrenal glands do not produce enough of the hormones cortisol or aldosterone.
|Inflammation of the adrenal glands.
|An abnormality of the electrolyte balance that is caused by the excessive secretion of aldosterone.
|Maintains the water balance within the body by promoting the reabsorption of water through the kidneys.
|A hormone secreted by the thyroid glands, works with the parathyroid hormone to regulate calcium levels in the blood and tissues.
|A disorder of the adrenal glands that is caused by the excessive production of aldosterone.
|A corticosteroid that has an anti-inflammatory action. It also regulates the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins in the body; also known as hydrocortisone.
|A congenital form of hypothyroidism.
|Caused by prolonged exposure to high levels of cortisol.
|A condition caused by insufficient production of the antidiuretic hormone or by the inability of the kidneys to respond to the antidiuretic hormone.
|A group of metabolic disorders characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both.
|Occurs when diabetes damages the tiny blood vessels in the retina.
|Mineral substances, such as sodium and potassium that are normally found in the blood.
|Stimulates the sympathetic nervous system; also known as adrenaline.
|A hormone secreted by the ovaries that is important in the development and maintenance of the female secondary sex characteristics and in regulation of the menstrual cycle.
|An abnormal protrusion of the eyeball out of the orbit.
|Stimulates the secretion of estrogen and the growth of eggs in the female; in the male, it stimulates the production of sperm.
|Measures average glucose levels over the past three weeks.
|gestational diabetes mellitus
|A form of diabetes mellitus that occurs during some pregnancies.
|Abnormal growth of the entire body that is caused by excessive secretion of growth hormone before puberty.
|A hormone that increases the amount of glucose by stimulating the liver to convert glycogen into glucose for release into the bloodstream.
|The basic form of energy used by the body; also known as blood sugar.
|A disorder of unknown cause in which the immune system attacks the thyroid gland and stimulates it to make excessive amounts of thyroid hormone.
|Regulates the growth of bone, muscle, and other body tissues.
|The condition of excessive mammary development in the male.
|An autoimmune disease in which the body’s own antibodies attack and destroy the cells of the thyroid gland.
|Characterized by abnormally high concentrations of calcium circulating in the blood instead of being stored in the bones and teeth.
|An abnormally high concentration of glucose in the blood.
|The condition of excessive secretion of insulin in the bloodstream.
|The excess secretion of growth hormone that causes acromegaly and gigantism.
|The overproduction of thyroid hormones, which causes an imbalance of the metabolism.
|An abnormally low concentration of glucose in the blood.
|Caused by a deficiency of thyroid secretion.
|The hormone secreted by the beta cells of the pancreatic islets in response to high levels of glucose in the bloodstream.
|A benign tumor of the pancreas that causes hypoglycemia by secreting additional insulin.
|interstitial cell-stimulating hormone
|Stimulates ovulation in the female; in the male, it stimulates the secretion of testosterone.
|A minimally invasive surgical procedure to remove one or both adrenal glands.
|A protein hormone secreted by fat cells that is involved in the regulation of appetite.
|Stimulates ovulation in the female; in the male, the luteinizing hormone stimulates the secretion of testosterone.
|Caused by extreme deficiency of thyroid secretion.
|Both a hormone and a neurohormone.
|Stimulates uterine contractions during childbirth and the flow of milk from the mammary glands.
|An inflammation of the pancreas.
|The surgical removal of one or more of the parathyroid glands.
|A benign tumor of the pituitary gland that causes excess hormone secretion.
|Is a condition in which the blood sugar level is higher than normal, but not high enough to be classified as type 2 diabetes.
|The hormone released during the second half of the menstrual cycle by the corpus luteum in the ovary.
|A benign tumor of the pituitary gland that causes it to produce too much of the lactogenic hormone.
|The process of physical changes by which a child’s body becomes an adult’s body that is capable of reproducing.
|radioactive iodine treatment
|The oral administration of radioactive iodine to destroy thyroid cells.
|A large family of hormone-like substances that share the same fat-soluble chemical structure.
|A steroid hormone secreted by the testicles and the adrenal cortex to stimulate the development of male secondary sex characteristics.
|The surgical removal of the thymus gland.
|An inflammation of the thymus gland.
|The hormone secreted by the thymus that stimulates the maturation of lymphocytes into T cells of the immune system.
|One of the two primary thyroid hormones, influences the rate of metabolism.