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MedTerm 11

Medical Terminology for Health Professions Chapter 11 words activity

QuestionAnswer
Adnexa The accessory or adjoining anatomical parts of an organ such as the eyes.
Amblyopia A dimness of vision or the partial loss of sight, especially in one eye, without detectable disease of the eye.
Ametropia Any error of refraction in which images do not focus properly on the retina.
Anisocoria A condition in which the pupils are unequal in size.
Astigmatism A condition in which the eye does not focus properly because of uneven curvatures of the cornea.
Audiometry The use of an audiometer to measure hearing acuity.
Cataract The loss of transparency of the lens that causes a progressive loss of visual clarity.
Chalazion A nodule or cyst, usually on the upper eyelid caused by obstruction in a sebaceous gland.
cochlear implant An electronic device that bypasses the damaged portions of the ear and directly stimulates the auditory nerve.
Conjunctivitis An inflammation of the conjunctiva that is usually caused by an infection or allergy; also known as pinkeye.
Dacryoadenitis An inflammation of the lacrimal gland caused by a bacterial, viral, or fungal infection.
Diplopia The perception of two images of a single object; also known as double vision.
Ectropion The eversion of the edge of an eyelid.
Emmetropia The normal relationship between the refractive power of the eye and the shape of the eye that enables light rays to focus correctly on the retina.
Entropion The inversion of the edge of an eyelid.
Esotropia Strabismus characterized by an inward deviation of one or both eyes; also known as cross-eyes.
Exotropia Strabismus characterized by the outward deviation of one eye relative to the other.
fluorescein angiography A radiographic study of the blood vessels in the retina of the eye following the intravenous injection of a fluorescein dye as a contrast medium.
Glaucoma A group of diseases characterized by increased intraocular pressure that causes damage to the retinal nerve fibers and the optic nerve.
Hemianopia Blindness in one-half of the visual field.
Hordeolum A pus-filled and often painful lesion on the eyelid resulting from an acute infection in a sebaceous gland; also known as a stye.
Hyperopia A defect in which light rays focus beyond the retina; also known as farsightedness.
infectious myringitis A contagious inflammation that causes painful blisters on the eardrum.
Iridectomy The surgical removal of a portion of the tissue of the iris.
Iritis An inflammation of the iris.
Keratitis An inflammation of the cornea.
Labyrinthectomy The surgical removal of all or a portion of the labyrinth.
laser trabeculoplasty Used to treat open-angle glaucoma by creating openings in the trabecular meshwork to allow the fluid to drain properly.
Mastoidectomy The surgical removal of mastoid cells.
Mydriasis The dilation of the pupil.
Myopia A defect in which light rays focus in front of the retina; also known as nearsightedness.
Myringotomy A small surgical incision in the eardrum to relieve pressure from excess pus or fluid, or to create an opening for the placement of tympanostomy tubes.
Nyctalopia A condition in which an individual with normal daytime vision has difficulty seeing at night; also known as night blindness.
Nystagmus An involuntary, constant, rhythmic movement of the eyeball.
Ophthalmoscopy The visual examination of the fundus of the eye with an ophthalmoscope.
Optometrist A specialist in measuring the accuracy of vision to determine whether corrective lenses are needed.
otitis media An inflammation of the middle ear.
Otomycosis A fungal infection of the external auditory canal.
Otopyorrhea The flow of pus from the ear.
Otorrhea Any discharge from the ear.
Otosclerosis The ankylosis of the bones of the middle ear, resulting in a conductive hearing loss.
Papilledema The swelling of the optic nerve at the point of entrance into the eye through the optic disk.
periorbital edema Swelling of the tissues surrounding the eye or eyes.
Photophobia Excessive sensitivity to light, and can be the result of migraines, excessive wearing of contact lenses, drug use or inflammation.
Presbycusis A gradual loss of sensorineural hearing that occurs as the body ages.
Presbyopia The condition of common changes in the eyes that occur with aging.
Ptosis Drooping of the upper eyelid that is usually due to paralysis.
radial keratotomy A surgical procedure to treat myopia.
Retinopexy Used to reattach the detached area in a retinal detachment.
Scleritis An inflammation of the sclera.
sensorineural hearing loss Develops when the auditory nerve or hair cells in the inner ear are damaged.
Stapedectomy The surgical removal of the top portion of the stapes bone and the insertion of a small prosthetic device known as a piston that conducts sound vibrations to the inner ear.
Strabismus A disorder in which the eyes point in different directions or are not aligned correctly because the eye muscles are unable to focus together.
Tarsorrhaphy The partial, or complete, suturing together of the upper and lower eyelids to protect the eye when the lids are paralyzed and unable to close normally.
Tinnitus A condition of ringing, buzzing, or roaring sound in one or both ears.
Tonometry The measurement of intraocular pressure.
Tympanometry The use of air pressure in the ear canal to test for disorders of the middle ear.
Vertigo A sense of whirling, dizziness, and the loss of balance, that is often combined with nausea and vomiting.
Vitrectomy The removal of the vitreous humor and its replacement with a clear solution.
Xerophthalmia The drying of the surfaces of the eye, including the conjunctiva.
Created by: jillcyr
 

 



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