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A&P Chapter 4

Tri - Rivers School of Practical Nursing

QuestionAnswer
Deep Fascia *Covers muscles *Anchors Tendon
Matrix of Cartilage Flexible protein
What are 4 categories of tissues? Epithelial, Connective, Muscle, Nerve
Perichondrium Covers cartilage
Skeletal muscle may also be called ________ or ___________. striated, voluntary
Simple Squamous Epithelium Single layer of flat cells
Unicellular glands - goblet cells one cell - a gland
Specialized cells in bone tissue osteocytes
Epithelial Membrane: Serous - Where? Closed body cavities
Examples of exocrine glands *Sweat Glands * Reproductive tract
Epithelial Membranes: Mucous - Secretion? Mucous
Epithelial Membranes: Serous - Cells? Sheets of simple squamous epithelium
What are the specialized cells in areolar connective tissue? Fibroblasts
Locations of elastic connective tissue *Walls of large arteries *Surrounding aveoli
Epithelial Membranes: Serous - Function? Prevents friction
Meninges contains CSF, covers brain and spinal cord
What kind of gland is the thyroid gland? endocrine
Function of simple cuboidal epithelium secretion
Epithelial Membranes: Serous - Secretion? Serous Fluid
Types of muscle connective tissue skeletal, smooth, cardiac
Functions of membranes covers, lines, secretes
Visceral Pleura stuck to top of organ
Periosteum covers bone
Specialized cells in adipose tissue adiopocytes
Matrix of dense fibrous tissue mostly collagen fibers
Location of skeletal muscle tissue attached to bones
Locations of ciliated epithelium respiratory tract, Fallopian tubes
Effect of nerve impulses on skeletal muscle Contraction
Stratifed squamous epithelium many layers of flat cells
Locations of adipose tissue behind eyes, cover top of kidneys
Matrix of adipose tissue tissues fluid, few collagen fibers
Smooth muscle tissue cell structure small tapered cells, no striations, one nucleus each
Synovial lines joints, secretes synovial fluid
Locations of areolar connective tissue subcutaneous tissue
Locations of pseudostratified eplithelium nasal cavity, trachea
True or False: Pancreas has both endocrine and exocrine glands true
Epithelial membranes: Mucous - where? open body cavities
Smooth muscle may also be called _________ involuntary
What are the specialized cells in blood? RBC, WBC, Platelets
Locations of smooth muscle tissues walls of arteries, walls of stomach, walls of intestines, iris of eyes, internal organs
Nerve connective tissue cells neurons
Function of adipose tissue cushioning
Examples of stratifed squamous epithelium skin, esophagus, oral cavity, vagina
What is the function of synovial fluid? Prevents friction
Membranes Sheets of tissues
Locations of cartilage tissue ears, spine
Example of unicellular glands - goblet cells salivary glands
Fibrous Pericardium Forms sac around the heart
Epithelial Membranes: Mucous - Cells? varies by location, goblet / ciliated cells
Function of unicellular gland (goblet cells) secrete on own
Superficial fascia between skin & muscles
Specialized cells of elastic connective tissue fibroblasts
cell body contains nucleus
Epithelial tissue coverings, linings, no capillaries, receives O2 & nutrients from blood supply
Dendrites Carries impulses toward the cell body
What is the matrix of blood plasma
Cardiac muscle structure branched cells, faint striations, one nucleus each, intercalated discs
Examples of endocrine glands thyroid glands, pituitary glands
What is a tissue? a group of cells
Specialized cartilage tissue cells chondrocytes
What is the matrix of areolar connective tissue? protein fibers, WBC, tissue fluid, mast cells
Pseudostratifed epithelium looks stratifed, but only one layer, all touch basement membrane
Marix of elastic connective tissues mostly elastin, allows great recoil
Endocrine glands no ducts, stays in body
Parietal pleura outer covering
Multicellular glands many cells
What are the two major groups of multicellular glands? exocrine, endocrine
Location of cardiac muscle walls of the 4 chambers of the heart
Effect of nerve impulses on smooth muscle contraction
Simple cloumnar epithelium single flat layer columnar cells
Axon carries impulse away from cell body
Function of simple squamous epithelium diffusion
Function of synapse transmits messages
Ciliated epithelium has small hairs to sweep things up and out
Examples of simple squamous epithelium aveoli in lungs, capilliaries
Skeletal muscle tissue cell structure cylindrical, striations, several nuclei each
parts of the nerve cell cell body, dendrite, axon
Locations of simple cuboidal epithelium kidneys, salivary glands, thyroid glands
exocrine have ducts, exit body
Simple cuboidal epithelium single layer of cuboidal cells
Function of ciliated epithelium sweep something in a particular direction
Function of stratified squamous epithelium protect from invasion, mitosis to replace lost cells
Epithelial Membranes: Mucous - locations / types? esophagus, vagina, trachea, stomach, gi tract
Synapse space between action of one neuron and dendrite of another
Categories of Membranes epithelial, connective
Epithelial Membrane: Mucous - Function? keep cell walls wet, lubrication, trap dust and bacteria
Matrix of bone connective tissue Calcium salts, collagen
Function of simple columnar epithelium Highly specialized for absorption and secretion
Specialized cells of dense fibrous tissue fibroblasts
Epithelial Membranes: Serous - Locations / types? pleural, pericardial, peritoneum, messentary
Locations of simple columnar epithelium stomach, small intestine, resp. tract
Locations of dense fibrous connective tissue tendons, ligaments, outer artery walls, around muscles, dermis
Created by: aepnkbird