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A&P Chapter 2

Tri - Rivers School of Practical Nursing

Synthesis Reaction Forms new compound - Building
Cobalt Part of Vit. B12
What are the electrolytes? Ca, Na, K, Fe, I
Polysaccharides *Complex Examples: Starches Glycogen Cellulose (fiber)
RNA Single strand of nucleotides
Decomposition Reaction Bonds broken & form smaller molecules
Chemical Reaction Molecules change & become something new
Ionic Bonds Atoms lose or gain electrons
Disaccharides Lactose & Sucrose
Physical Change Molecules have not changed
pH of blood 7.35 - 7.45
Acid *Substance that raises concentration of hydrogen ions in water solution *pH: lower *H: higher
H hydrogen
Calcium *Strengthens bones & teeth *Blood Clotting *Muscle Contraction
Cl Chloride, Chlorine
HDL LDL good cholesterol bad cholesterol
Na Sodium
Magnesium Needed for energy formation and bone formation
Copper Needed for cellular respiration
Mg Magnisum
Organic Chemicals *Big molecules *ALWAYS contain Carbon Examples: lipids, Carbohydrates, Proteins, Nucleic Acid (DNA)
K Potassium
Inorganic Chemicals *Smaller *Simple *Acids / Bases * DO NOT have to contain Carbon Examples: H2O, O2, CO2, Fe, Ca, Na
Catabolism large to small molecules
Covalent Bonds involves sharing of electrons
Catalysts Speeds up Chemical Reactions
Where is extracellular fluid found? plasma synovial fluid pleura pericardial cerebrospinal fluid Lymph fluid
Ca calcium
What is this? C6H12O6 + 02 Cellular Reparation Produces ATP (energy) Heat, CO2 and H2O
Monosaccharides Simplest Sugars Example: Glucose
Anabolism small to large molecules
Base A substance that lowers concentration of H in the water soultion pH: higher H: lower Hydroxide: higher
Phosphorus *Strengthen bones and teeth *Part of RNA / DNA and ATP
Fe Iron
Created by: aepnkbird