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gastrointestinal

review

what are rugae? folds inside stomach, produce hydroelectric acid and enzymes
what are the accessory organs of the GI system? liver, gallbladder, pancreas
what are the four divisions of the colon? ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, sigmoid colon
what are the functions of the liver? produces bile, removes sugar from blood, stores vitamins B12, A,D,E and K, destroys or transforms toxic products, maintains normal glucose levels , destroys old red blood cells, produces various blood protein.
what are the three main components of the large intestine? cecum, colon,rectum
what are three main parts of the stomach? body, fundus,pylorus
what are two structures that form the roof of the mouth? hard and soft palates
what is the medical term for the mouth? oral cavity
what is another name for the GI track? alimentary canal
what are villi? small finger like structures, absorb chyme and nutrients
where does peristalsis occur? pharynx to the anus
where is digestion completed? in the small intestines
what is volvolus? twisting of the colon
what are hemorrhoids? enlarged veins in the mucous membrane of the anal canal
what causes hepatitis A? indigestion of contaminated food,water,milk
what is diverticulosis? small blister like pockets develop in the inner lining of the large intestines
what is ulcerative colitis? chronic inflammatory disease of the large intestine and rectum
where are ulcers commonly found? stomach, duodenum
where do inguinal hernias develop? where the abdominal folds of flesh meet the thighs
which large intestine disorder is associated with higher risk of colon cancer? ulcerative colitis
Created by: aliciabishop123