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EAWS BASIC FIRST AID

COMMON CORE

TermDefinition
THREE OBJECTIVES OF FIRST AID PREVENT FURTHER INJURY, INFECTION, LOSS OF LIFE
THE FOUR METHODS OF CONTROLLING BLEEDING DIRECT PRESSURE, ELEVATION, PRESSURE POINTS, USE OF A TOURNIQUET AS A LAST RESORT.
WHAT IS A PRESSURE POINT? A POINT ON THE BODY WHERE A MAIN ARTERY LIES NEAR THE SKIN SURFACE AND OVER A BONE.
WHAT ARE THE PRESSURE POINTS ON YOUR BODY? TEMPLE, JAW, NECK, COLLARBONE, INNER UPPER ARM, INNER ELBOW, WRIST, UPPER THIGH, GROIN, KNEE, ANKLE.
THREE CLASSIFICATIONS OF BURNS FIRST DEGREE. RED, WARM, MILD PAIN SECOND DEGREE. RED, BLISTERS, SEVER PAIN. THIRD DEGREE. DESTROYS TISSUE, SKIN AND BONE; SEVERE PAIN ABSENT DUE TO NERVE ENDINGS BEING DESTROYED.
TWO TYPES OF FRACTURES. CLOSED/SIMPLE. BROKEN BONE, NO BREAK IN SKIN. OPEN/COMPOUND. BREAK IN SKIN WITH BONE PROTRUSION.
ELECTRIC SHOCK WHEN A PERSON COMES IN CONTACT WITH ELECTRIC ENERGY SOURCE SHOCK OCCURS.
INDICATIONS OF AN OBSTRUCTED AIRWAY INABILITY TO TALK, GRASPING/POINTING TO THROAT, EXAGGERATED BREATHING, SKIN IS TURNING BLUISH COLOR.
HEAT EXHAUSTION SERIOUS DISTURBANCE OF BLOOD FLOW TO BRAIN, HEART, AND LUNGS. SKIN IS COOL, MOIST, CLAMMY; PUPILS DILATED, BODY TEMP NORMAL OR HIGH, SWEATING PROFUSELY.
HEAT STROKE SERIOUS CONDITION CAUSED BY THE BREAKDOWN OF THE SWEATING MECHANISM. UNABLE TO ELIMINATE EXCESSIVE BODY HEAT BUILDUP. SKIN IS HOT/DRY, UNEVEN PUPIL DILATION, WEAK AND RAPID PULSE.
HYPOTHERMIA GENERAL COOLING OF THE WHOLE BODY CAUSED BY EXPOSURE TO LOW TEMPERATURES. PALE, UNCONSCIOUS, SLOW/SHALLOW BREATHING, FAINT PULSE; ARMS AND LEGS STIFF.
SUPERFICIAL FROSTBITE ICE CRYSTALS FORMING IN UPPER SKIN LAYERS AFTEREXPOSURE TO TEMPS OF 32 DEGREES AND BELOW.
DEEP FROSTBITE ICE CRYSTALS FORMING IN THE DEEPER TISSUES AFTER EXPOSURE TO TEMPS OF 32 DEGREES AND BELOW.
SHOCK LIFE THREATENING MEDICAL CONDITION WHERE THE BODY SUFFERS FROM INSUFFICIENT BLOOD FLOW THROUGHOUT THE BODY AS A RESULT OF SEVERE INJURY OR ILLNESS.
SEPTIC SHOCK BACTERIA MULTIPLYING IN THE BLOOD AND RELEASING TOXINS. *PNEUMONIA AND MENINGITIS*
ANAPHYLACTIC SHOCK SEVERE HYPERSENSITIVITY OR ALLERGIC REACTION. *INSECT STINGS, MEDICINES OR FOODS*
CARDIOGENIC SHOCK HEART IS DAMAGED AND UNABLE TO SUPPLY SUFFICIENT BLOOD TO THE BODY *END RESULT OF A HEART ATTACK.
HYPOVOLEMIC SHOCK SEVERE BLOOD AND FLUID LOSS FROM TRAUMATIC INJURY, WHICH MAKES THE HEART UNABLE TO PUMP ENOUGH BLOOD TO THE BODY.
NEUROGENIC SHOCK SPINAL CORD INJURY; USUALLY RESULT OF A TRAUMATIC ACCIDENT OR INJURY.
Created by: shadeseeker1