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Amendments

TermDefinition
1st Amendment 1) Right to assembly 2)Right to petition the government (right to go to court) 3)Freedom of press 4)Freedom of religion 5)Freedom of speech
2nd Amendment Right to bear arms
3rd Amendment No quartering of troops in private homes.
4th Amendment No unreasonable search and seizure; Exclusionary Rule
5th Amendment 1) No double jeopardy 2) Writ of habeas corpus – “show me the body”; must explain grounds for arrest 3) No self-incrimination 4) Due process – Treated the same under federal law 5) Eminent domain –Government can take private property for public use
6th Amendment Right to a speedy and public trial and guaranteed a lawyer.
7th Amendment Right to have a jury trial for a civil case.
8th Amendment 1) No excessive bail 2) Cruel and unusual punishment
9th Amendment All rights not listed are guaranteed to the people.
10th Amendment Unless it is specifically prohibited by the Constitution, the states have any unlisted rights.
11th Amendment individuals cannot sue states.
12th Amendment Electors vote separately for president and vice president
13th Amendment abolishes slavery
14th Amendment 1) Defines citizenship* *Jus soli – born on U.S. soil *Jus sanguines – parent is citizen at time of birth *Naturalization 2) Due process in state government
15th Amendment Guarantees the right to vote to citizens
16th Amendment Federal income tax is legal
17th Amendment Direct election of Senators.
18th Amendment Prohibition
19th Amendment Women’s suffrage
20th Amendment Changes the date of inauguration from March to January
21st Amendment Repeals 18th Amendment, ended Prohibition
22nd Amendment Limits the President to 2 terms or 10 years.
23rd Amendment District of Columbia gets 3 electoral votes.
24th Amendment abolishes poll tax
25th Amendment Presidential succession (V.P. OFFICIALLY takes over President)
26th Amendment lowers the voting age to 18
27th Amendment Congress cannot give itself a pay raise during a term; bills raising pay take effect on the next term.
Method 1 of amending the Constitution Proposed by 2/3 of Congress; ratified by 3/4 of State Legislatures (Used for 26 out of 27 of the Amendments)
Method 2 of amending the Constitution Proposed by 2/3 of Congress; ratified by 3/4 of State Convention (used once for the 21st Amendment)
Method 3 of amending the Constitution Proposed by 2/3 national conventions; ratified by 3/4 State legislatures
Method 4 of amending the Constitution Proposed by 2/3 national convention; ratified by 3/4 state conventions
What are the Reconstruction/Civil War Amendments? 13,14,15
Which is the only amendment to repeal another and which amendment did it repeal? 21, repealed 18
Which amendment could have been the 13th amendment? 27
After the 25th amendment, what is the presidential line of succession? 1. V.P 2. Speaker of the House 3. President pro tempore 4. Secretary of State 5. Secretary of Treasury
Created by: OcelotKnight