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COF Skeletal Anatomy

COF Gross Skeletal Anatomy

QuestionAnswer
How many bones are in the human body? 206
What are the 2 divisions of the skeleton? Appendicular and Axial
The appendicular skeleton, which includes the upper and lower limbs, has how many bones? 126
The axial skeleton, which includes the skull, ribs, sternum, and vertebrae, has how many bones? 80
What is the only movable bone in the skull? Mandible
What is the part of the skull that protects the brain? Cranium
What is the part of the skull that houses the eyes,mouth, and nose? Facial bones
How many bones are apart of the skull? 22
The spine contains how many vertebrae? 26
What are the 5 regions of the spine? Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbar, Sacrum, and Coccyx
How many vertebrae are in the cervical spine? 7
How many vertebrae are in the thoracic spine? 12
How many vertebrae are in the lumbar spine? 5
How many vertebrae are in the sacrum and coccyx? 1
What is the name of the cartilage that connects the ribs to the sternum? Costal cartilage
Why are the first 7 ribs called true ribs? They connect the thoracic spine to the sternum
Why are ribs 11 and 12 are called floating ribs? They have no cartilage connection to the sternum
Why are ribs 8, 9, and 20 called false ribs? They connect to the sternum through the cartilage of the 7th rib
What is the name of the upper arm bone? Humerus
What is the name of the forearm bone closest to the thumb? Radius
What is the name of the forearm bone closest to the pinky finger? Ulna
The pectoral girdle is made up of the left and right ___ and ___. Clavicle, scapulae
What are the 8 small bones that give flexibility to the wrist? Carpals
What are the 5 bones of the hands? Metacarpals
Except for the thumb, how many phalanges are in each finger? 3
What is the largest bone in the body? Femur
What is bone of the knee cap? Patella
What is the larger bone of the lower leg that bears most of the body's weight? Tibia
What is the bone of the lower leg that is used for muscle attachment and maintaining balance? Fibula
What are the 7 small bones of the foot that form the end of the foot and heel? Tarsals
What are the 5 bones of the foot that form joints with the tarsals? Metatarsals
The big toe has how many phalanges? 2
This type of bone is longer than it is wide and makes up the bones of the major limbs. Long bone
This type of bone is as long as it is wide,often cubed or round in shape. Short bones
This type of bone varies greatly in shape and size, but is generally flat in one direction. Flat bones
This bone does not fit the pattern of long, short, or flat bones. Irregular bones
This type of bone is formed after birth inside tendons to protect the tendon from stresses/strains at the joint. Sesamoid bone
What type of joint is most common and features a gap that helps with ROM as well as room for fluid to lubricate the joint? Synovial joint
What type of joint occurs where bone meets cartilage or where there is a layer of cartilage between 2 bones? Cartilaginous joint
What type of joint is the elbow or knee? Hinge joint
What type of joint can only be found in the thumbs? Saddle joint
What type of joint can be found in the wrist? Gliding joint
What type of joint can be found in the shoulder or hip? Ball and socket joint
Created by: aholmes1012