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A&P 1 Ch3

Ch 3 A&P1

TermDefinition
Endocytosis What is the term that means active transport of a substance into cell?
Exocytosis What is the term that means active transport of substance out of cell?
Phagocytosis What is the term that means the cell envelopes (eats) substance?
Cilia What is the name of the microscopic hairs on cell that aid in movement & transport?
Ribosome Which organelle is responsible for protein synthesis?
Mitochondria Which organelle produces energy for the cell?
Golgi Apparatus Which organelle packages and distributes material in vessicles?
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) Which organelle produces carbohydrates and lipids?
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) Which organelle is a series of membrane enclosed sacs that has ribosomes?
Lysosome Which organelle contains digestive enzymes?
Nucelotides What are the building blocks for nucleic acids?
Translation Converting mRNA to tRNA and then into proteins is called?
Transcription Converting DNA to mRNA is ?
Nucleus Where does transcription take place?
Nucleus What is the largest organelle?
Phospolipid bilayer What molecule makes up the majority of the cell membrane?
Diffusion What is the term that means movement of a substance from an area of greater concentration to area of lower concentration ?
Facilitated diffusion Movement of a substance from an area of greater concentration to area of lower concentration, but uses a carrier is know as?
Passive What is the term that describes movement as not requiring energy?
Active What is the term that means movement requires energy?
Osmosis What term means the passive movement of water from an area of greater concentration to lesser concentration?
Cytosol What is the term that describes the liquid portion of the cytoplasm?
Pinocytosis What is the term that means the transport of a liquid substance into the cell?
Vesicle What is the term for a fluid-filled structure inside the cell?
ATP What is the molecule the cell uses for energy?
Chromatin What is the term that means unorganized DNA in the cell?
Nucleus Where is DNA stored in the cell?
Gene What is the term for a DNA sequence which codes for a specific protein or trait?
Diffferentiation what is the term for the process where cells become specialized?
Protein What type of molecule is an enzyme?
Cell will swell or rupture What will happen to a cell placed in a hypotonic solution?
Cell will shrink What will happen to a cell placed in a hypertonic solution?
Hypotonic What is the term for a solution with a low amount of solutes?
Hypertonic What is the term for a solution with a high amount of solutes?
Active What type of transport is exocytosis, active or passive?
Active That type of transport is endocytosis, active or passive?
Endocytosis What type of transport is phagocytosis, endocytosis or exocytosis?
Vacuole What is a membrane-bound space within a cell called?
Cytoskeleton What is the name for the network of protein filaments and tubules in the cytoplasm?
Centriole What is the cylindrical organelle near the nucleus which assists with cell division?
Created by: DrGreimel