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A&P medterm review

HS-III MedTerm (kjb)

QuestionAnswer
ab- away from
-ac, -ic pertaining to
cyt/o, cyte cell
hist/o tissue
-ology study of; science of
-ologist one who studies or specializes
-osis abnormal condition, disease
path/o, -pathy disease, feeling (emotion)
endo- within, in, inside
col/o large intestine
chol/e bile
enter/o small intestine
gastr/o stomach
hepat/o liver
-pepsia digestion
lith/o stone
peri- surrounding, around
viscer/o guts or internal organ
-plasia, plas/o development, formation, or growth
meta- change, beyond
neo- new
ante- before, in front of
medi/o middle
cephal/o, -ceps head
caud/o lower part of the body, tail
di- two
proct/o rectum, anus
-ectomy surgical removal
-ostomy surgical formation of an artificial opening
phag/o to eat
pyel/o renal pelvis
ren/o kidney
nephr/o kidney
meat/o meatus, passage
cyst/o, -cyst bladder, sac
vesic/o bladder
adip/o fat
cutane/o skin
derm/o, dermat/o skin
hidr/o sweat gland
epi- above, upon,on
lip/o fat
onych/o nail
a, an without, lack of
pil/o hair
seb/o secretions from the sebaceous gland
cardi/o heart
hem/o blood
arteri/o artery
-emia blood/blood condition
phleb/o vein
tachy fast, rapid
ven/o vein
brady- slow
angi/o blood or lymph vessel
oste/o bone
chondr/o cartilage
crani/o skull
arthr/o joint
cost/o rib
burs/o sac of fluid near a joint
–otomy cutting, surgical incision
myel/o spinal cord or bone marrow
–itis inflammation
leuk/o white
erythr/o red
lymph/o lymph, lymphatic tissue
tonsill/o tonsil
aden/o gland
lingu/o tongue
splen/o spleen
pyr/o fever
ten/o, tend/o tendon
sarc/o connective tissue, flesh
dys- bad, difficult, or painful
kine, kinesi/o, kinet/o movement
fasci/o fiborous band
-ectomy surgical removal
poly- many
py/o pus
-oma tumor
-oid like, resembling
-megaly enlargement
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
rhin/o nose
-rrhea flow, discharge
cerebr/o brain
cephal/o head
encephal/o brain
neur/o nerve
hemi half
phas/o speech
-paresis weakness
plegia paralysis
psych/o mind
laryng/o voicebox (larynx)
-oxia oxygen condition
nas/o nose
-capnia pertaining to carbon dioxide
-pnea breathing
pneum/o lung
cyan- blue
-uria urine
-genesis development
circumcis- cutting around
hyster/o uterus
mamm/o breast, mammary glands
men/o monthly, menstruation
oophor/o ovary
orch(id)/o testes
salping/o fallopian tube
sperm(at)/o seed
Created by: kbailey