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Anatomy

Anatomy 32 Quiz 2

QuestionAnswer
Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) Sensory input from the viscera and blood vessels, and motor output to involuntary effectors (Cardiac muscle, Smooth muscle, glands)
Axon Single long process of a neuron that conducts nerve impulses away from the cell body.
Cortex Thin, superficial layer of grey matter that covers the cerebrum and cerebellum
Dendrites Highly branched processes neuron that carry impulses to the cell body (main receiving or input region.
Enteric Plexus Network of neurons in the walls of the gastrointestinal (GI) track
Fasciculus (fasciculi:pl) Axon bundles of nerve
Ganglion (ganglia: pl) Cluster of cell bodies and the synaptic region for neurons located in the PNS
Gray Matter: Contains cell bodies, dendrites, axon terminals of neurons, unmyelinated axons, and neuroglia.
Interneurons (association neurons) Mulitipolar neurons located within the CNS that integrate incoming sensory information to elicit a motor response
Motor (efferent neurons) Mulitpolar neurons, convey impulses from the CNS out through the PNS to effectors ("Involuntary" muscles or glands)
Nerve Bundle of axons in the PNS
Nucleus Cluster of cell bodies and the synaptic region for neurons located in the CNS
Neuroglia Cells that support, nourish, and protect neurons
Neurons Nervous tissue cells that are specialized for nerve impulse conduction
Parasympathetic Division Division of the ANS that performs our housekeeping activities and conserves energy (rest and digest)
Perception Our awareness of sensory input (Stimuli)
Sensory (afferent) Neurons Unipolar (Pseudo-Unipoalr) neurons, convey stimuli impulses to the CNS for integration
Sensory Receptors Monitor and transduce changes in our internal and external enviroment
Spinal Cord Grey matter forms an H-shaped inner core surrounded by white matter
Soma Cell body of neurons that contain the typical organelles plus chromatophilic (Nissl) bodies
Somantic Nervous System (SNS) Sensory input from the head, body wall, limbs, and special sense organs and motor output to "voluntary" skeletal muscles
Sympathetic Division Division of the ANS that activated under stressful situations ("fight or flight")
Tract Bundle of axons in the CNS
White Matter aggregates of myelinated axons
Created by: baileythegr8