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Mod 3 Ch. 30, Ch. 57

Ch 30 Digestive System, Ch 57 Nutrition

mouth / oral cavity digestion begins here
order of digestion 1. food 2. bolus 3. chyme
mastication chewing
pulp nerves and blood vessels for teeth are located here
fundus of stomach food is stored here for up to 1 hour (full feeling, not able to take a deep breath)
Small Intestine 1. Duodenum 2. Jejunum 3. Ileum
Large Intestine 1. Cecum 2. Ascending Colon 3. Transverse Colon 4. Descending Colon
Crohn's Disease -Chronic inflammatory disease of the large intestine -causes ulcerations and inflammation -abdominal pain and watery diarrhea
Salivary Glands (3) 1. parotid 2. submandibular 3. sublingual
Liver -produces bile -produces blood proteins -helps maintain glucose levels
Pancreas -endocrine gland -secretes enzymes for digestion
Gall Bladder sac that stores and concentrates bile
hernia (2) 1. hiatal - stomach into esophagus 2. inguinal - intestine
hepatic duct drains bile from gall bladder
uvula -"punching bag" shaped tissue that hangs in the back of the throat -along with pharyngeal arch, forms the entrance to the pharynx
Functions of Digestive system (3) 1. digestion 2. absorption 3. elimination
submucosa layer of digestive tract contains blood vessels and nerves
pyloric stenosis obstructive narrowing of pyloric sphincter
bolus food from mouth just entering stomach
chyme once bolus is mixed with digestive juices in stomach
colostomy artificial opening into large intestine
salivary glands produces amylase
large intestine absorbs water, salt, and vitamins
pharynx connects mouth to esophagus
stomach body, fundus, pyloris
Role of MA in Nutrition -research -education -prior authorizations -support and encouragement
carbohydrates main source of energy
metabolism produces energy for body within the cells
vitamins -organic substances -essential for metabolism, growth, and development of body
minerals -inorganic elements -stored within the body
cholesterol HDL - good (Happy) LDL - bad (Lousy) / sticky
BMI -body mass index -use patient's height and weight to calculate -healthy is between 19-25
Created by: vanstellee