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MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY

Medical Terminology: Digestive System

QuestionAnswer
removal of ascetic fluid by needle into peritoneal cavity Paracentesis
inflammatory infectious lesions in or on the oral cavity Herpetic stomatitis
chronic disease of the liver; injury to hepatocyte cells Cirrhosis
Telescoping of a portion of proximal intestine into distal intestine in ileocecal area Intussusceptions
study of stomach content to see if there is blood, bacteria, bile or abnormal cells. Gastric analysis
oral administration of barium sulfate, flows through the G.I tract Small bowel follow-through
increased motility of the small or large intestinal wall resulting in abdominal pain, nausea, anorexia and gas. Irritable bowel syndrome
ERCP stands for endoscopic retrograde
Term used to describe a group of inflammatory gum disorders that may lead to degeneration of teeth, gums and sometimes surrounding tissues. Periodontal disease
Nutrient malabsorption due to damaged small bowl mucosa because of gluten sensitivity. Celiac disease
A rotation of loops of bowel causing a twisting on itself, which results in an intestinal obstruction. Volvulus
Pigmented or harden cholesterol stones formed as a result of bile crystallization. Cholelithiasis
Acute or chronic inflammation of the liver due to a viral or bacterial infection, drugs, alcohol, toxins or parasites Hepatitis
Absence at birth of the autonomic ganglia in a segment of the intestinal smooth muscle wall that normally stimulates peristalsis. Hirschsprung’s disease
A term used to describe painful intestinal inflammation typically caused by ingesting water or food containing bacteria, protozoa, parasites, or chemical irritants. Dysentery
Small inflammatory noninfectious ulcerated lesions occurring on the lips, tongue, and inside the cheeks of the mouth; also called canker sores. Apthous stomatitis
Decreased mobility of the lower two-thirds of the esophagus along with constriction of the lower esophageal sphincter. Achalasia
Inflammatory infectious lesions in or on the oral cavity occurring as a primary or a secondary viral infect. Caused by herpes simplex. HERPETIC STOMATITIS
Noninflammed outpouchings or herniations through the muscular layer of the intestine, typically the sigmoid colon. DIVERTICULOSIS
Absence at birth at the autonomic ganglia in a segment of the intestinal smooth muscle wall that normally stimulates peristalsis. CONGENITAL MEGACOLON
A large number of polyps in the large bowel. A polyp is a small growth projecting from a mucous membrane. COLONIC POLYPOSIS
Created by: ascpstudent100