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Anissia HS1 Pr3

Study cards for medical history for HS1

What is the Germ Theory and who created it? Theory that illness and disease come from bacteria Discovered by Louis Pasteur.
What is a Retro Virus? A virus whose RNA converts to DNA attaching to the hosts genes (life long virus)
Chemical that stops bacteria whats a example of one? Bacteriostatic and antibiotics.
Chemical that kills bacteria name a example Bactericidal and penicillin.
What is penicillin classified as? A sulfa drug
What is a Oncogene A cell that can transform another cell into a tumor.
Who discovered Xrays? Wilhelm Roegten in 1810
Andreas Vesalius Dissected human bodies Created one of the first anatomy books in 1538.
What was the cause of illness during the dark ages? It was considered the Gods punishing them.
Isolated Radium in 1910 Marie Curie
Discovered penicilllin Alexander Fleming in 1928
Father of medicine Hippocrates
Benjamin Franklin Created bifocals
Benjamin Carson Separated conjoined twins
Founded Red Cross Clara Barton in 1881
Edward jenner Created vaccine for small pox 1796
Earliest people to keep medical records Egyptians
Leonardo Da Vinci Dissected humans body for art purposes
Polio vaccine in 1952 Jonas Salk
Romans Began public/health sanitations
Used acupuncture as a pain reliever Chinese
First mercury thermometer Gabriel Fahrenheit
Florence Nightingale Founded modern nursing
Joseph Lister Used disinfectants and antiseptics during surgery
What was believed to cure illness during the Dark Ages A priests prayer
Elizabeth Blackwell First US Physician + started first Women Medical College
Microscope (inventor + significance) Organisms too small for the naked eye were visible 1666 by Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
Stethoscope (inventor + significance) Allowed internal sounds to be heard 1819 by Rene Lannec
4 illnesses in the Middle Ages Small Pox,Bubonic Plague, Malaria, Typhoid
Patterns of Heredity Gregory Mendel
William Harvey Circulation of blood to & from heart
Robert Koch Identified pathogens
Arab Physician used animal guts as suture material Rhazes
Karl Lanchesteiner Identified blood types A,B,AB,O Blood Transfusions
William Morton, Horace Wells,Crawford Long Invented anesthesia
First antiboidic Penicillin
Frederick Banting Created insulin
Luk Montagnier, Robert Gallo Discovered cause of AIDs = HIV
What is HIV A Retro Virus which causes AIDs
Micheal Bishop, Harold Varmus Studied Caner discovering that humans have cancer cells just inactive.
What is a Sulfa drug who invented it? Created by Gerhard Domgak in 1935 antibiotics used to treat bacterial and infections.
Dorothea Dix Created the first mental asylum
Created by: Anissia



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