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Med Term Ch2

Body planes/directions

TermDefinition
aden/o gland
adip/o fat
anter/o before, front
caud/o lower part of the body, tail
cephal/o head
cyt/o, -cyte cell
end-, endo- in, within, inside
exo- out of, outside, away from
hist/o, histi/o tissue
-ologist specialist
-ology the science of study of
path/o, -pathy disease, suffering, feeling, emotion
plas/i, plas/o, -plasia development, growth, formation
-stasis, -static control, maintenance of constant level
abdominal cavity contains primarily the major organs of digestion
adenectomy surgical removal of a gland
adenocarcinoma malignant tumor that originates in glandular tissue
adenoma benign tumor that arises in or resembles glandular tissue
adenomalacia abnormal softening of a gland
adenosclerosis abnormal hardening of a gland
anaplasia change in the structure of cells and in their orientation to each other
anatomy study of the structures of the body
anomaly deviation from what is regarded as normal
anterior situated in the front or on the front part of an organ
aplasia defective development or the congenital absence, of an organ or tissue
bloodborne transmission spread of a disease through contract with blood or other body fluids that are contaminated with blood
caudal towards the lower part of the body
cephalic toward the head
chromosomes genetic structures located within the nucleus of each cell
communicable disease any dondition that is transmitted from one person to another either by direct or indirect contact with contaminated objects
congenital disorder abnormal condition that exists at the time of birth
cytoplasm material within the cell membrane that is not part of the nucleus
distal means situated farthest from the midline or beginning of the body structure
dorsal refers to the back of the organ or body
dysplasia abnormal development or growth of cells, tissues, or organs
endemic refers to the ongoing presence of a disease within a population, group. or area
endocrine glands produce hormones, do not have ducts, secreted directly into the bloodstream
epidemic sudden and widespread outbreak of a disease within a specific population or group or area
epigastric region located above the stomach
etiology the study of the causes of diseases
exocrine glands secrete chemical substances into ducts that lead either to other organs or out of the body
functional disorder produces symptoms for which no physiological or anatomical cause can be identified
genetic disorder pathological condition caused by an absent or defective gene, hereditary disorder
geriatrician a physician who specializes in the care of older people
hemophilia a group of hereditary bleeding disorders in which a blood-clotting factor is missing
histology the study of the structure, composition, and function of tissues
homeostasis processes through which the body maintains a constant internal environment
hyperplasia enlargement of an organ or tissue because of an abnormal increase in the number of cells in the tissue
hypertrophy general increase in the bulk of a body part or organ due to an increase in size but not number of cells
hypogastric region below the stomach
hypoplasia incomplete development of an organ or tissue usually due to a deficiency in the number of cells
iatrogenic illness unfavorable resonpse due to prescribed medical treatment
idiopathic disorder an illness without a known cause
infectious disease illness caused by living pathogenic organisms
inguinal relating to the groin, refers to the entire lower area of the abdomen
medial direction toward or nearer, the midline
mesentery fused double layer of the parietal peritoneum that attaches parts of the intestine to the interior of the abdominal wall
midsagittal plane the sagittal plane that divides the body into equal left and right halves
nosocomial infection a disease acquired in a hospital or clinical setting
pandemic disease occurring over a large geographic area, possibly worldwide, ex AIDs
pelvic cavity space formed by the hip bones and contain primarily the organs of the reproductive and excretory systems
peritoneum multilayered membrane that protects and hold the organs in place within the abdominal cavity
peritonitis inflammation of the peritoneum
phyenylketonuria Genetic disorder in which the digestive enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase is missing
physiology study of the functions of the structures of the body
posterior situated in the back or back part of an organ
proximal situated nearest the midline or beginning of a body structure
retroperitoneal behind the peritoneum, example kidneys
stem cells unspecialized cells that are able to renew themselves for long periods of time by cell division
thoracic cavity surrounds and protects the heart and the lungs
transverse plane a horizontal plane that divides the body into superior and inferior portions
umbilicus Pit in the center of the abdominal wall marks the point where the cord was attached before birth, belly button
vector-borne transmission spread of certain disease due to the bite of a vector, such as flies, mites, fleas etc
ventral the front or belly side of the organ or body
Created by: Ms Edwards
 

 



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