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Government

Vocabulary for Government

TermDefinition
Oligarchy A government in which a few of the people have power.
Democracy A government that is "ruled by the people.
Direct Democracy Government in which the people vote on all the issues.
Representative Democracy Government in which the people elect representatives and give them the power to vote on issues.
Parliamentary Democracy Voters elect members to Parliament and Parliament elects the Prime Minister
Presidential Democracy Voters elect members of Congress and voters elect the President.
Executive Branch Branch of government that "enforces the laws"
Legislative Branch Branch of government that "makes the laws"
Judicial Branch Branch of government that "interprets the laws"
Dictatorship Government in which one person rules. This person is not elected by the people.
Autocracy Government in which the power to govern is held by one person.
Absolute Monarch Government in which power is usually inherited or passed down from family members; kings, queens, and emperors
Government People who make rules and laws, carry out rules and laws, and decide if rules and laws have been broken.
Constitutional Monarchy Form of government; king, queen, or emperor is a figurehead; power to make and enforce laws is with an elected body.
Federation/Federal System Power is shared by a powerful central government
Distribution Who gets what: what goes where
Power (Government) The ability to make and enforce laws
Unitary System One central government controls everything--no sharing with states
Confederation System Voluntary association of independent states that agree to follow a weak central government
Governance Everything about governing (to have the authority to rule).
Created by: SHMS-6thSS