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Chapters 3&4

-centesis surgical puncture to aspirate or remove fluid
-ectomy excision, surgical removing
-lysis process of loosening, freeing, or destroying
-pexy surgical fixation (fastening in a fixed position)
-plasty surgical repair
-rrhaphy suture (uniting a wound by stitches)
-scope instrument used for viewing (also used in diagnostic procedures
-scopy visual examination with a lighted instrument (not always a surgical procedure)
-stomy formation of an opening
-tome an instrument used for cutting
-tripsy surgical crushing
aden(o) gland
angi(o) vessel
append(o), appendic(o) appendix
blephar(o) eyelid
cerebr(o), encephal(o) brain; cerebr(o) sometimes means cerebrum, the main portion of the brain
chir(o) hand
col(o), colon(o) colon or large intestine
cutane(o), derm(a), dermat(o) skin
mamm(o), mast(o) breast
nephr(o), ren(o) kidney
oste(o) bone
tonsill(o) tonsil
vas(o) vessel, ductus deferens (also called vas , excretory duct of the testicle)
-algia, -dynia pain
-ecstasia, -ectasis dilation (enlargement) or stretching of a structure or part
-edema swelling
-emesis to vomit, vomiting
-malacia soft, softening
-megaly enlargement
-oid (forms adjectives and nouns) resembling
-penia deficiency
-rrhage, -rrhagia excessive bleeding or hemorrhage
-rrhea flow or discharge
-rrhexis rupture
-spasm twitching, cramp
-stasis stopping, controlling
-gram a record
-graph an instrument used to record
-graphy the process of recording
-scope instrument used for viewing
-scopy visual examination
ech(o), son(o) sound
electr(o) electricity
fluor(o) emitting or reflecting light
radi(o) radiant energy
tom(o) to cut
ultra- excessive
CT, CAT computed tomography, computed axial tomography
CXR chest x-ray
Dx diagnosis
ECG, EKG electrocardiogram
GI gastrointestinal
lab laboratory
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
Sx symptoms
WNL within normal limits
cancer(o), carcin(o) cancer
onc(o) tumor
path(o) disease
-cele hernia (protrusion of all or part of an organ through the wall of the cavity that contains it
-emia condition of the blood
-ia, -iasis condition
-itis inflammation
-lith stone or calculus
-mania excessive preoccupation
-maniac a person who shows excessive preoccupation
-oma tumor
-osis condition (often an abnormal condition; sometimes an increase)
-pathy disease
-phobia abnormal fear
-ptosis prolapse (sagging)
-able, -ible capable of, able to
-al, -ary, -eal, -ive, -tic pertaining to
-ase enzyme
-eum, -ium membrane
-ia, -ism condition or theory
-iac one who suffers
-opia vision
-ose sugar
-ous pertaining to or characterized by
-y state or condition
alb(o), albin(o), leuk(o), leuc(o) white
chlor(o) green
cyan(o) blue
erythr(o) red
melan(o) black
xantho(o) yellow
bi(o) life or living
cephal(o) head
electr(o) electricity
hist(o) tissue
muscul(o), my(o) muscle
nas(o), rhin(o) nose
ne(o) new
pod(o) foot
pyr(o) fire
therm(o) heat
algesi(o) sensitivity to pain
chem(o) chemical
estheri(o) feeling or sensation
narc(o) stupor
pharmac(o), pharmaceut(i) drugs or medicine
therapeut(o) treatment
tox(o), toxic(o) poison
-therapy treatment
Bx biopsy
C Celsius, centigrade
F Fahrenheit
OD overdose, right eye
OTC over the counter
Rx prescription
Tx treatment
Created by: cantonwa