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Chapter 1 HAP

Nessesary life Functions Maintaining boundaries, movement, Responsiveness, digestion, metabolism, Excretion, reproduction, growth
Levels of Structural Organization Atoms, molecules, macromolecules, cellular organells, cells, tissue, organs, organ systems, organism, population
Anatomy the structure of living things
Physiology how things work
Survival Needs Nutients, Water, Atmospheric Pressure limits, Temperature limits, oxygen
Homeostasis is controlled by.. the endocrine system (glands that produce hormones) and the nervous system
Negative feed back Out put reduces stimuli,
Positive feedback Out put enhances stimuli, accelerating the responce
Anatomical postion Directional term- Standing, feet apart, palms forward, thumbs outward
superior Directional term- Up wards
inferior Directional term- Down wards
ventral Directional term- Front wards
dorsal Directional term- Toward back
medial Directional term- Closer to medial plane of body
lateral Directional term- Closer to outer sides of body
Proximal Directional term- Closer to middle of body or point of attachment
superficial Directional term- Closer to the surface (shallow) ex: skin is superficial to muscle
Deep Directional term- Further from the surface ex: brain is deep to skull
Axial Regional term- Head and trunk region of the body. the skull bones, the ossicles of the middle ear, the hyoid bone, the rib cage, sternum and the vertebral column.
appendicular Regional Term- Shoulders to finders, pelvis to toes
Pelvic/inguinal Regional Term- Pelvis
Dorsum Regional Term- back, posterior
manus Regional Term- hand
Pedal Regional Term- foot
Quadrants are relative to the.... Patient, not the doctor
Top outer quadrants Left and right hypochondriac
Top enter quadrant Epigastric
Middle outer quadrants lumber
Middle center quadrant umbilical
Bottom outer quadrants iliac
Bottom center quadrant Hypogastric
Frontal plane Divides body from front and back, ventral and dorsal
Median, midsagittal plane Divides body from left and right
Transverse plane Divides body at hips from superior and inferior, top and bottom
What's in the dorsal body cavity? Cranial and spinal
What's in the Central cavity? Thoracic and abdominopelvic
Describe the synovial cavity The cavity in joints filled with fluid to reduce friction
What is a structure composed of two of more tissue types? Organ
Withdrawal reflex is an example of which kind of reflex? negative
An oblique cut cuts a specimen how? Vertically, cutting into left and right sections
Average body temp in C and F 36 and 98.6
The study of structures visible to the naked eye Gross anatomy
the study of structures and function of cells cytology
The study of the changes of an individual front conception to birth embryology
The study of structures to small to be seen by the naked eye microscopic anatomy
describe the serous membrane anatomy very thin double layered, parietal and visceral layer with fluid between.
visceral pericardium lines the inner walls of the heart chambers
parietal pericardium covers the outer surface of the heart
Homeostasis is in which the body maintains... stable internal environment
Which body cavity is the Lung in? Central, thoracic
Which quadrant is the stomach in? Upper left
Similar cells with a common function Tissue
What cavity does the heart lie in? Pericardial
The area behind the knee Crural
Pollex refers to the thumb
Cervical region Neck
MRI Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a test that uses a magnetic field and pulses of radio wave energy to make pictures of organs and structures inside the body
PET positron emission tomography (PET) scan is an imaging test that helps reveal how your tissues and organs are functioning
DSA Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) is a type of fluoroscopy technique used in interventional radiology to clearly visualize blood vessels in a bony or dense soft tissue environment
Created by: nadiak