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Liles MSI Digestive

Digestive System

absorption passage of a substance into body fluids and tissues
alimentary canal the entire digestive tube from mouth to anus
amylase an enzyme that converts starch or glycogen to glucose
anus the outlet from rectum
bile substance produced by the liver,emulsifies fat, stored in gall bladder
bolus round mass of food prepared by mouth
cardiac sphincter circular muscle fibers around opening of esophogus into stomach
cecum pouch at the proximal end of the large intestine
chyme food which has undergone gastric digestion semi- liquid food
colon known as the large intestine. 5 ft in length. divided into ascending, transverse, descending, and sigmoid colon.
defecation elimination of waste material from the rectum
digestion complex process of the breaking down of food to be utilized by the body
duodenum first part of the small intestine beginning at pylorus.
emulsified in digestion, when bile breaks up fat.
Enzyme Organic catalyst that initiates and accelerates a chemical reaction
Esophagus A muscular tube; takes food from pharynx to the stomach
Feces Waste material from the digestive system
Flatulence The presence of excessive gas in the digestive tract
Gallbladder A small pear-shaped organ under the right lobe of the liver; it stores bile
Gingiva Gums
Glycogen Polysaccharide formed and stored largely in the liver
Jejunum Section of small intestine between duodenum and ileum
Liver large organ of the digestive system, located in upper right quadrant of the abdominal cavity
Mastication Process of chewing
Pancreas Organ of digestion lies behind the stomach, produces digestive juices, insulin, and glucagon
Parotid Salivary Gland Largest of the salivary glands. Where you get mumps.
Peristalsis Progressive wave of contraction in tubular structures provided with longitudinal and transverse muscular fibers, as in esophagus, stomach, small and large intestines
Ptyalin Found in saliva; it converts starches into simple sugars
Pyloric Sphincter Valve that regulates entrance of food from the stomach to the duodenum
Rectum Portion of the colon that opens into the anus
Rugae Wrinkles or folds
Stomach A major organ of digestion; a pouch-like structure located in the upper left quadrant of the abdominal cavity, between the esophagus and the duodenum
Uvula Projection hanging from soft palate, in back of throat
Appendicitis Inflammation of the appendix
Caries decay of tooth or bone
Cholecystectomy Removal of the gallbladder
Cholecystitits Inflammation of the gallbladder
Cirrhosis chronic, progressive inflammatory disease of the liver characterized by the formation of fibrous connective tissue, usually involves alcohol usage
Colostomy Artificial opening from the colon onto the surface of the skin
Constipation Difficulty or lack of defecation
Diarrhea excessive elimination of watery feces
Diverticulosis numerous diverticula in the colon
Diverticulitis Inflammation of the wall of the colon
Gastritis Inflammation of the stomach
Gastroenteritis Inflammation of stomach and small intestines
Gingivitis Inflammation of the gums
Heartburn A burning sensation in the esophagus and stomach
Hemoccult Hidden blood
Jaundice Yellow Color
Pancreatitis Inflammation of the pancreas
Peritonitis Inflammation of the membrane lining the abdominal cavity
Pyloric Stenosis narrowing of the pyloric sphincter, affects infants
Ulcer, gastric open sore in stomoach lining, caused by H. pylori
Created by: Connie Liles