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MT Anatomical terms

body directions, cavities, planes, regions, and divisions

Anterior/Ventral stomach, face, palms forward
Posterior/Dorsal back, arse, fingernails pointed back
Prone Lying on the anterior of the body
Supine Lying on the posterior of the body
Superior upper half of the body
Inferior lower half of the body
Distal Move out from the main body (ie hip to leg, shoulder to arm)
Proximal moving in towards the main body
cephalad moving towards the head
caudad moving towards the tail
lateral towards the sides of the body
medial towards the midline of the body
external outside of the body (superficial)
internal inside of the body (deep)
Coronal/Frontal Plane anterior/posterior
Sagittal Plane Right/Left
midsagittal plane equal right and left halves
transverse plane upper/lower halves
Cranial cavity brain, cranium
Spinal cavity Spinal cord, spine, nerves to rest of body
Thoracic cavity lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea, breastbone, ribs and dorsal spinal column
Abdominal cavity digestive organs
Diaphragm separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities
Pelvic cavity not separated from abdominal cavity, below, contains urinary and reproductive organs.
Created by: alicesine