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Bone and Bone Tissue

types of Bone Functions shape, support, protection, movement, electrolyte balance, blood production, acid base balance.
Types of bones long, short, flat, irregular
Diaphysis Shaft of long bone
Epiphysis Ends or top or bottom of long bone
Medullary Cavity Hollow center of long bone
types of Bone Marrow Red marrow, yellow marrow
Perioseum outside dense fibrorous layer around the diaphysis
Epiphyseal plate layer between epiphysis and diaphysis
Osteoblast help to form bone
Osteoclast dissolves unwanted tissue
Osteocytes mature osteoblast embeded into bone matrix
Types of bone tissue compact bone, spongy bone
trabeculae the pattern formed by spongy bone
Haversian canal hole for blood vessels in compact bone
Osteon functional unit with own blood supply in compact bone (many of them)
volkmans canal side to side passage where blood vessels connect in compact bone
Hematopoiesis production of red blood cells
types of Bone fractures simple, compound, greenstick, comminuted, spiral
Created by: anyconda