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Genitourinary System Review Short Answer
|Describe clean midstream urine.
|AKA clean catch urine/ in sterile container/ used for C&S/ special instructions necessary
|Describe early morning specimen.
|more uniform volume and concentration/ lower pH preserves formed elements/ diagnose and monitor pregnancies
|Describe the uterus.
|merge from the renal pelvis/ slender, long tubes/ carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder
|Describe timed urine collection.
|24-hour urine collections/ quantitative test/ provides info about cumulative elements
|What are the functions of the nephron?
|filtration, reabsorption, secretion
|What are the macroscopic structures of the urinary system?
|kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra
|What are the two types of ATN?
|What carries blood to the glomerulus? what carries blood from the glomerulus?
|afferent arteriole, efferent arteriole
|What does the renal tubule consist of?
|proximal convoluted tubule/ loop of henle (decensing/ascending)/ distal tubule/ collecting tubule
|What forms the ejaculatory duct?
|seminal vesicle and vas deferens
|What is BPH?
|enlargement of the prostate gland
|What is ESWL?
|calculi are pulverized using shock waves at the stones from a machine outside the body
|What is the function of the prostate gland?
|secrete an alkaline substance that protects sperm of the acidity of the urethra and vagina
|Where are the kidneys located?
|abdominopelvic cavity/ retroperitoneal
|Where is sperm produced?