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LPN Phase 2 Exam 3

Anethesia Means the absence of feelings (pain) (an, meaning “without”, plus esthesia, meaning “awareness of feeling”)
Embolus a dislodged thrombus.
Infarct localized area of necrosis.
Informed Consent permission to perform a specific test or procedure.
Intra-Operative during surgery.
Peri-Operative refers to the nurse’s role during the preop, intraop, and postop phases.
Pre-Operative before surgery
Thrombus an accumulation of platelets, fibrin, clotting factors, and cellular elements of the blood attached to the anterior wall of a vessel, sometimes occluding the lumen
Abrasions usually superficial scratches caused by fingernails or clothing.
Avulsion is a torn piece of tissue that result in a section being completely removed or left hanging by a flap
Closed Wounds
Contusion injuries that do not break the skin, caused by a blow, and characterized by edema, discoloration, and pain.
Ecchymosis discolorations of an area of skin or mucous membrane caused by the extravasation of blood into the subcutaneous tissues; also called a bruise.
Incisions a cut produced surgically by a sharp instrument creating an opening into an organ or space in the body
Lacerations are wounds that are torn with jagged, irregular edges.
Open Wound are openings or breaks in the mucous membrane or skin.
Puntures are piercing wounds of the skin. Typically made by knives, nails, wood, glass, or other objects that penetrate the skin.
Primary Intention Primary intention healing begins during the inflammatory phase of healing; in surgery this is usually during closure of the wound.
Secondary Intention Some wounds develop a purulent exudate in which case the surgeon provides a means for its release through a drainage system or by packing the wound with gauze. Scarring is greater in a large wound.
Tertiary Intention the practitioner leaves a contaminated wound open and closes it later, after the infection is controlled, by suturing two layers of granulation tissue together in the wound.
Abscess cavity containing pus and surrounded by inflamed tissue, formed as a result of suppuration in a localized infection, usually a bacterial infection
Adhesion band of scar tissue that binds together two anatomical surfaces normally separated; most commonly found in the abdomen.
Cellulitis infection of the skin characterized by heat, pain, erythema, and edema.
Dehiscence separation of a surgical incision or rupture of a wound closure.
Evisceration protrusion of an internal organ through a wound or surgical incision.
Extravasation passage or escape into the tissues; usually of blood, serum, or lymph.
Hematoma collection of extravasated blood trapped in the tissues or in an organ resulting from incomplete hemostasis after surgery or injury
Acute Pain is intense and of short duration, usually lasting less than 6 months.
Addiction excessive use or abuse of a substance or practice, displayed by psychological disturbance, decline of social and economic function, and uncontrollable consumption, indicating dependence.
Adjuvant Analgesic Drugs drugs that are added as a second drug for combined therapy and may have additive or independent analgesic properties or both.
Agonist drug that produces a predictable response at the intended site of action
Analgesics medications that relieve pain without causing loss of consciousness
Antagonist drug that will block the action of another drug.
Antiseptic Inhibits growth microorganism & reproduction w/o killing
Bactericidal kills bacteria
Bacteriostatic Inhibits growth of bacteria
Colonization breeding of bacteria does not cause adverse signs and symptoms
Chronic Pain pain lasting longer than 6 months; can be as intense as acute pain; can be continuous or intermittent
Disinfectant substance that inhibits and prevents growth of microorganisms on non-living organisms.
Narcotics a legal term. Originally applied to drugs that produce insensibility or stupor. Currently used in clinical setting to refer to any medically used controlled substance. Falling out of favor-substituting the term Opioid
Nociception Processing of pain signals in the brain that give rise to the feeling of pain. This process leads to the sensation of pain or nociception
NonOpioid Analgesic analgesics that are not classified as opioids.
NonSteroidal AntiInflammatory Drugs (NSAID’s) a large chemically diverse group of drugs that are analgesics and also possess anti-inflammatory and antipyretic activity but are NOT steroids
Opioid Analgesics synthetic drugs that bind to opiate receptors to relieve pain
Prophylactic Antibiotic Therapy given prior to event to prevent an infection
Superinfection antibiotic resistant microorganism, not effective to antibiotic use, microorganisms overgrow
Synergistic Effects the action of two or more substances or organs to achieve an effect of which each is individually incapable.
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