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Mod 2 Ch. 23

Ch. 23 Skeletal System

TermDefinition
tarsal bone calcaneus
epiphyseal plate / line allows for skeleton to grow as long as there's cartilage
synarthroses (joint) ie) sutures in the cranium
Three Functions of the Skeletal System 1.support 2.movement 3.hematopoiesis
What is the coccyx inferior to on the vertebral column? sacrum
vomer nasal bone separating the nostrils
parietal bone cranium
zygomatic bone cheekbone
maxilla non-moving part of jaw
clavicle collar bone / front shoulder bone
scapula shoulder blade
ulna pinkie-side arm bone (pu)
radius thumb-side arm bone (rt)
metacarpals hand bones
phalanges fingers, toes
coccyx -tail bone -inferior to sacrum
tibia shin bone (st)
fibula calf bone (cf))
tarsals ankle bone
axial skeleton central portion of skeleton, no movement
appendicular skeleton extremities / appendages, involved with movement
hematopoesis formation of blood cells
scoliosis abnormal lateral curvature of the spine
ribs 12 pairs
lack of Vitamin D 1. Osteoporosis 2. Rickets 3. Osteomalacia
osteoporosis loss of bone density due to lack of vitamin D
rickets early childhood disease causing bowed legs due to lack of vitamin D
osteomalacia adult form of rickets due to lack of Vitamin D
closed fracture simple fracture
open fracture compound fracture (thru the skin)
pronation face down
supination face up
diaphysus long shaft of the bone
3 parts of spine 1. cervical 2. thoracic 3. lumbar
sacrum superior to coccyx
Created by: vanstellee
 

 



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