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History of Health Ca

Mr. G’s History of Healthcare

TermDefinition
Primitive Times 6000 - 3000 BCE Witch doctors were the doctors at the time. Trepanning was used to cut hole in skull to treat insanity, epilepsy and headaches. Used plants and herbs. Lifespan 20 years.
Egyptians 3000 - 300 BCE Began keeping medical records. Believed the body was a system of channels for blood, urine, feces, sperm, and sweat. Used bloodletting and leeches to open channels. Lifespan 20-30 years
Chinese 1700 BCE - 220 AD Prohibited dissection due to religious reasons. Used acupuncture and needles to treat the whole body. Lifespan 20-30 years
Greeks 1200 BCE - 200 BCE First to stress good diet and cleanliness. Research into physical cause of disease. Lifespan 25-35 years
Romans 700 BCE - 410 AD Public health and sanitation systems First to organize health care and early hospitals. Lifespan 25-35 years
Arabic Islamic 700 - 1500 AD Universal Health Care, licensing for doctors and pharmacist
Dark ages 400 - 800 AD Study of medicine prohibited, Monks and priest cared for the sick. Prayers and divine intervention used to treat illness. Emphasis on saving the soul. Lifespan 20-30 years
Middle ages 800 -1400 AD Doctors began to keep careful notes and Plague kills 3/4 of population. Diseases such as smallpox, typhoid, malaria, and tuberculosis were prominent. Physicians began studying at medical universities. Lifespan 20-35 years
Renaissance 1350 -1650 Rebirth of science and medicine. Development of the printing press. Lifespan 30-40 years
16th and 17th Centuries Cause of disease still not known. Apothecaries made, prescribed and sold medications. Anton van Leeuwenhoek invented microscope . William Harvey describes the circulation of blood. Lifespan 35-45 years
18th Century Edward Jenner developed vaccination for smallpox . Lifespan 40-50 years
19th Century Florence Nightingale founder of modern nursing Clara Barton founded the American Red Cross Louis Pasteur proved that microbes caused disease Bayer introduced aspirin in powder form Lifespan 40-60 years
20th Century Francis Crick and James Watson discover DNA. Sigmund Freud studies form the foundation for psychology. Alexander Flemming discovers penicillin. Lifespan 60-80 years
21st Century Human Genome mapped Nanotechnology Regenerative Medicine Genomic Medicine
Hippocrates 460-377 BCE Greek, father of Western medicine
Claudius Galen 129-199 Roman physician, body regulated by four humors, described symptoms of inflammation and studied infectious diseases and dissected animals
Anton Van Leevwenhoek Invented the microscope
Wilhelm Roentgen Invented the x-ray
René Laennec Invented stethoscope
Gabriel Fallopus Discovered fallopian tubes and tympanum membrane
Gabriel Fahrenheit Created first mercury Thermometer
Edward Jenner Invented smallpox vaccine
Florence Nightingale Founder of modern nursing
Alexander Fleming Discovered penicillin
Louis Pasteur Germ theory Microbes cause disease. Discovered pasteurization and rabies vaccine.
Elizabeth Blackwell 1st women to receive medical degree
Benjamin Franklin Invented bifocals in 18th century
Ambroise Pare The father of Modern Surgery in 16th-17th century
Jonas Salk Created Polio Vaccine
Marie Curie Isolated radium in 1910
Leonardo Da Vinci Artist who used dissection to draw the human body
Clara Barton Founded the American Red Cross in 1881
Robert Koch Developed the culture plate method to identify pathogens
Joseph Lister Began using disinfectants and antiseptics during surgery
Rhazes An Arab physician who began the use of animal gut for structure material.
Caduceus Symbol of the healing arts, Snakes are wise, Wings represent mercy. Staff represents learning and work it takes to get into the health field.
Rod of Asclepius No wings, Only one snake
Ingaz Semmelweis Identified the causes of childbed fever: Lack of Hand washing! He was laughed at by other doctors.
Anesthesia Early physicians used herb, hashish & alcohol to relieve the pain of surgery. Many died from shock and pain. Loss of feeling or sensation
Genomic medicine personalized medical care that uses a patients unique combination of genes and chromosome to prevent illness and maintain health.
Regenerative medicine A form, of medical care that creates living tissue to replace tissue or organ function lost due to age, disease, injury or birth disorder.
Nanotechnology A field of science that manipulates atoms and molecules to create devices that are thousands of times smaller than current technologies allow.
Created by: rotechams
 

 



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