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Medical terms

Chapter 1-5 Davi-Ellen Chabner root words

TermDefinition
abdomin/o abdomen
aden/o gland
amni/o amnion (sac that surrounds the embryo)
an/o anus
angi/o vessel (blood)
anter/o front
arteri/o artery
arthr/o joint
ather/o fatty plaque
axill/o armpit
bi/o life
bronch/o bronchial tubes
bronchi/o bronchial tube
carcin/o Cancer, Cancerous
cardi/o heart
carp/o wrist bones (carpals)
cephal/o head
cerebr/o cerebrum (largest part of the brain)
cervic/o neck
chem/o drug, chemicals
cholecyst/o gallbladder
chondr/o cartilage
chron/o time
cis/o to cut
coccyg/o tailbone
col/o colon (large intestine)
cost/o rib
crani/o skull
cry/o cold
cutane/o skin
cyst/o urinary bladder
cyt/o cell
derm/o skin
dermat/o skin
dur/o dura matter (outermost meningeal layer)
electr/o electricity
encephal/o brain
endocrin/o endocrine glands
enter/o intestines (usually small intestine)
epitheli/o skin (surface tissue)
erythr/o red
esophag/o esophagus
esthesi/o sensation
gastr/o stomach
gen/o to produce
ger/o old age
glyc/o sugar
gnos/o knowledge
gynec/o women, female
hem/o blood
hemat/o blood
hepat/o liver
hyster/o uterus
iatr/o treatment
inguin/o groin
isch/o to hold back
larpa/o abdomen
laryng/o larynx (voice box)
later/o side
leuk/o white
lumb/o loin, waist area
lymph/o lymph
mamm/o breast
mast/o breast
mediastin/o mediastinum
men/o menstruation
mening/o meninges (membranes covering brain and spinal cord)
my/o muscle
myel/o bone marrow
nati/o birth
necr/o death
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerves
norm/o rule, order
nos/o disease
obstetr/o midwife
odont/o tooth
onc/o tumor
oophor/o ovary
ophthalm/o eye
opt/o eye
optic/o eye
orth/o straight
oste/o bone
oste/o bone
ot/o ear
path/o disease
ped/o child
pelv/o hip bone
peritone/o peritoneum (membrane around abdominal cavity)
pharyng/o pharynx, throat
phleb/o vein
plas/o development, formation, growth
pleur/o pleura (membranes surrounding the lungs)
pneumon/o lung
poster/o back, behind
psych/o mind
pulmon/o lung
radi/o x-ray
rect/o rectum
ren/o kidney
rheumat/o flow, fluid
rhin/o nose
salping/o fallopian(uterus) tube; eustachian tube
sarc/o flesh
scapul/o shoulder blade (bone)
septic/o infection
son/o sound
spin/o backbone, spine, vertebra
thorac/o chest
thromb/o clot
thyroid/o thyroid gland
tonsill/o tonsils
top/o to put, place
trache/o trachea, wind pipe
ur/o urine, urinary tract
urethr/o urethra
uter/o uterus
vascul/o blood vessel
ven/o vein
vertebr/o backbone, vertebra
Created by: awolfstar14