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AnatomyTerms

TermDefinition
Anatomical position The body erect, arms hanging at the sides of body with palms forward and thumbs pointed away from body
Superior/Cranial Towards the head
Inferior/Caudal Away from the head
Anterior/ventral Towards the front of body
Posterior/Dorsal Towards the back of body
Medial Towards the midline of body
Lateral Away the midline of body
Proximal Closer to origin of body part or point of attachment of limb
Distal Farther from origin of body part or point of attachment of limb
Superficial Towards the body surface
Deep Away from body surface: more internal
Cephalic Head
Orbital Eye
nasal nose
buccal cheek
occipital base of skull: back of head
cervical neck
vertebral spinal column
Axillary armpit
Thoracic chest
brachial arm
antebrachial forearm
carpal wrist
abdominal abdomen
umbilical navel
Inguinal groin
femoral thigh
patellar anterior knee
popliteal posterior knee
tarsal ankle
sural calf
antecubital anterior elbow
acromial point of shoulder
clavicular collarbone
gluteal buttock
lumbar lower back
pubic groin
scapular shoulderblade
phalanges digits
palmar palm
plantar sole of foot
sacral area of the back between the hips
calcaneal heel of foot
Fontal/cornal Divides body into anterior and posterior portions
Transverse runs horizontally across the long axis of body/organ, dividing it into superior and inferior portions
Sagittal divides the body into right and left
Midsagittal/median Divides body equally
Dorsal body cavity has brain (cranial) and spinal cord (vertebral)
Ventral body cavity houses the visceral organs Thoracic cavity and the abdominopelvic cavity has double lining
Parietal lines cavity
Visceral lines organs within cavity
Between parietal and visceral serous fluid
Created by: mchuan