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Anatomy Q4


3 functions of the urinary system 1. maintain the chemical consistency of the blood 2. filter many liters of fluid from blood 3. send toxins, metabolic wastes, and excess water out of the body
organs of the urinary system kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
the kidneys are located ___ retroperitoneally
The kidneys are located lateral to the __-__ vertebrae T12-L3
the hilus is located on the ___ surface concave
___ ___ surrounds the kidney renal capsule
frontal section through the kidney renal cortex, renal pyramids, renal pelvis
nerve supply of the kidney renal plexus
uriniferous tubules are composed of ___ & ___ nephron & collecting ducts
renal corpuscle + renal tubules nephron
concentrate urine collecting ducts
mechanisms of urine production 1. filtration 2. reabsorption 3. secretion
tufts of capillaries glomerulus
glomerular capsule Bowman's capsule
glomerulus & glomerular capsule renal corpuscle
filtrate proceeds to renal tubules from ___ glomerulus
receive urine from distal convoluted tubules collecting tubules
carry urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder ureters
___ entry into bladder prevents backflow of urine oblique
a collapsible muscular sac urinary bladder
stores and expels urine urinary bladder
the empty bladder lies entirely within the ___ pelvis
sends signals to the brain that bladder is full trigone
the internal urethral sphincter is ___ involuntary
the external urethral sphincter is ___ voluntary
the urethra is made of ___ epithelium
passes through the prostate gland prostatic urethra
through the urogenital diaphragm membranous urethra
passes through the length of the penis spongy (penile) urethra
What organ is located in a retroperitoneal position? kidneys
The hilus of the kidney is on the ___ ___ medial surface
A cluster of capillaries within a nephron is called ___ glomerulus
A structure that transports urine from the kidney to the bladder ureter
The capsule surrounding the glomerulus Bowman's capsule
T/F Urine would pass through the minor calices before the major calices true
The glomerulus is part of the ___ ___ renal corpuscle
The correct order for the named regions of male urethra (proximal to distal) prostatic, membranous, spongy
The expanded region of a ureter renal pelvis
Created by: leahmurphy