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Anatomy Q4


The organs are divided into two groups: alimentary canal & accessory organs
organs of the alimentary canal mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine
accessory organs teeth, tongue, gallbladder, salivary glands, liver, pancreas
6 digestive processes ingestion, propulsion, mechanical digestion, chemical digestion, absorption, defecation
the peritoneum is a ___ membrane serous
surrounds the digestive organs visceral peritoneum
lines the body wall parietal peritoneum
a slit-like potential space peritoneal cavity
layers of the alimentary canal (deep to superficial) mucosa - submucosa - muscularis externa - serosa
What is the order the trocar would pass through the layers of the alimentary canal? serosa - muscularis externa - submucosa - mucosa
formed from orbicularis oris and buccinator muscles lips & cheeks
made of interlacing fascicles of skeletal muscle tongue
grip food and repositions and manipulates the food to form a blous tongue
how many deciduous teeth? 20
how many permanent teeth? 32
the 3 pairs of salivary glands parotid, submandibular, sublingual
passages for air & food oropharynx & laryngopharynx
the esophagus is ___ to the trachea posterior
a muscular tube that begins as a continuation of the pharynx and joins the stomach inferior to the diaphragm esophagus
site where food is churned into chyme stomach
protein digestion begins in the ___ stomach
the stomach secretes ___ pepsin
functions under acidic conditions pepsin
longest portion of the alimentary canal small intestine
site of most enzymatic digestion and absorption of nutrients small intestine
3 subdivisions of the small intestine duodenum, jejunum, ileum
receives digestive enzymes and bile duodenum
main pancreatic duct and common bile duct duodenum
sites of mucous secretion found in the duodenum Brunner's glands
its main function is to absorb water and electrolytes large intestine
puckers in the large intestine haustra
mass ___ movements force feces toward the rectum peristaltic
a blind pouch cecum
descends along the inferior half of the sacrum rectum
the last subdivision of the large intestine anal canal
segments of the colon ascending colon - transverse colon - descending colon - sigmoid colon
largest gland in the body liver
digestive function of the liver bile production
stores glucose & vitamins, detoxifies, and produces proteins liver
the liver has __ lobes 4
stores and concentrates bile gallbladder
expels bile into the duodenum gallbladder
location of the gallbladder visceral surface of the right lobe of the liver
exocrine function of the pancreas make, store & secrete enzymes
endocrine function of the pancreas produces insulin and glucagon (hormones)
The common hepatic and cystic duct join to become the ___ ___ duct common bile
The ___ is the distal section of the small intestine ileum
The ___ ___ is the first section of the colon ascending colon
One function of the liver is to produce ___ bile
The ileum joins the large intestine at the ___ cecum
The portion of the alimentary canal located between the pharynx and the stomach is the ___ esophagus
The ___ are the serous membranes that cover many of the digestive organs peritoneum
What is the order that the trocar would pass through the layers of the alimentary canal? serosa, muscularis externa, submucosa, mucosa
T/F The parotid glands produce saliva true
The lessar curvature of the stomach is ___ concave
The liver produces ___ bile
The pancreas is a ___ gland heterocrine
The valve at the entrance to the small intestine is the ___ sphincter pyloric
The main pancreatic and common bile duct both deliver their product to the ___ ___ small intestine
Created by: leahmurphy



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