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NCE - groups

group information

dyadic two functioning as a pair
didactic to teach
Jacob Moreno father of psychodrama
Jacob Moreno coined the term group therapy
Joseph Pratt was the first to (Boston physician) form groups (dealing w/ tuberculosis)
ASGW journal journal for specialists in group work
ASGPP American Society for Group Psychotherapy & Psychodrama
AGPA American Group Psychotherapy Association
ASGPP & AGPA were created in 1940s
Theorist's work classified as preface to group movement? Adler
Pioneer in crisis intervention movement Gerald Caplan
3 classifications of group primary, secondary, tertiary
primary groups promote healthy lifestyle or coping strategies
secondary groups problem/disturbance presently
tertiary groups works w/ individuals to reduce severity/length of problem
tertiary groups deals with more serious/longstanding issues
coleadership/cofacilitation when 2 leaders are present in group
immediacy here and now; client-counselor relationship as it transpiring right at that moment
group norms govern acceptable behavior/group rules
group therapy flourished in US because a shortage of individual therapist during WWII
T-group training group
cohesiveness forces which bind group members together
Kurt Lewin is associated with cohesiveness
When cohesiveness goes up... absenteeism & other negative factors go down
when cohesiveness is lacking... the group is viewed as fragmented
group therapy is also called personality reconstruction group
group counseling is also called interpersonal problem solving solving group
group therapy is longer than group counseling
George Gazda and 3 types of groups guidance, counseling, and psychotherapy
guidance groups are (primary, secondary, tertiary) primary b/c it's preventive
guidance groups can also be called affective educational groups, psychological education, or psychoeducational groups
term therapy in group work means the problem is more severe & individual work is needed for a longer duration (tertiary)
structured exercises are less effective than unstructured techniques
risky shift phenomenon less conservative than average member's decision, prior to group discussion
structured groups rely on numerous exercises
unstructured groups have few exercises/tasks
behavioral groups are highly structured (i.e. assertiveness training)
structured groups have a _____ theme specific
Examples of unstructured groups nondirective, psychodynamic, existential
support groups are also called self-help groups
marathon groups are long lasting
What is the important trait for group members? trust
open groups are open to new members after they start
closed groups are closed to new members after they start
closed groups promote group cohesiveness and trust
universality or mutuality you are not alone with your problem
3 basic leadership styles autocratic (authoritarian), democratic, laissez-faire
Lewin, Lippitt, White in 1939 study on leadership styles
laissez faire means do as you please w/o leadership or direction
3 communication modes in assertiveness training assertive, nonassertive, aggressive
open-ended groups are those that don't have a given # of sessions/or ending date
effective leaders discovered that modeling appropriate behaviors improves group participation
a risk of group intervention lack of confidentiality
group dynamics refers to study of interrelationship & interactions between group members
a group cannot not have structure
isolate (group role) negative role "silent one" receives little to no attention
scapegoat (group role) negative role; receives attention, but not positive attention
faction or subgroup a clique or group of people within in a group
3 type of roles task, maintenance, self-serving (or individual)
avoidance-avoidance 2 negative choices i.e. take pay cut or lose job
approach-avoidance 1 positive choice, 1 negative i.e. I want to meet group members, but I'm scared I'll be rejected
ego state analysis common practice of TA- helps client discern out of which ego state he is operating in a given situation
horizontal interventions working with groups as a whole
vertical interventions working with individuals within the group
interpersonal -horizontal approach focuses on group processes & here and now
intrapersonal -vertical approach focuses on past
outcome research or product research research in the area of group work
outcome research attempts to determine whether or not the group was successful
R.K. Conyne's group work grid model has how many intervention levels? 4 - individual, interpersonal, organization, community population
the intervention can be either one of these two correction oriented or enhancement oriented
Created by: zhenry88
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