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Mod E Unit 2

Review

QuestionAnswer
What measures nitrogenous waste in the circulatory system BUN
The amount of urine per day produced by the average adult is about 1.5-2.5
Albuminuria is protein in urine
What carries urine from the kidneys to the bladder ureters
An IVP uses a contrast medium to view what KUB
All the calyces in the kidney converge into the renal pelvis
The mechanical process of removing toxins when the kidney’s have failed dialysis
The functional, microscopic filtration unit of the kidney is the nephron
Cystitis is inflammation of the bladder
An organic compound found in the urine and derived from the breakdown of protein is urea
What means “inflammation of the renal pelvis”? pyelonephritis
A renal calculi is a kidney stone
What cavity are the kidney’s located in retroperitoneal
What is the intense sensation of the need to urinate immediately urgency
Blood in the urine hematuria
The term for the inability to hold urine is incontinence
Pus in the urine pyuria
Painful urination dysuria
Excessive urination at night nocturia
Unable to urinate urinary retention
The process of releasing urine is micturition
Scant amount of urine production oliguria
Involuntary discharge of urine enuresis
Glucose in the urine glucosuria
No urine production or less than 100 ml per day anuresis
Excessive thirst polydipsia
Large amount of urine output polyuria
Cuplike edges of renal pelvis calyces
Herniation of the urinary bladder is a cystocele
A hollow, flexible tube that can be inserted into a vessel, organ, or body cavity is a catheter
What is an enzyme that reacts with a blood protein to form a substance that stimulates the adrenal gland to secrete aldosterone renin
Removal of a kidney stone is nephrolithotomy
The average daily production of urine 1.5-2.5
The triangular area in the bladder between the ureters’ entrance and the urethral outlet is called the trigone
The normal PH of urine 5.0-7.0
The area that collects urine in the kidney is the renal pelvis
What is the term for the process of crushing stones lithotripsy
The tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body is the urethra
The metabolic disease caused by an absolute or relative deficiency of insulin and characterized by hyperglycemia, glycosuria, water and electrolyte loss, ketoacidosis, and possible eventual coma is diabetes
The condition of increased formation and excretion of urine is diuresis
Inflammation of the renal pelvis pyelonephritis
When urine flows the bladder back into the ureters this is known as urinary re-flux
What type of doctors treats diseases and disorders of the urinary system urologist
CRF chronic renal failure
ARF acute renal failure
KUB kidneys, ureters, bladder
IVP intravenous pyelogram
BUN blood urea nitrogen
ADH antidiuretic hormone
CBC complete blood count
POL physicians office laboratory
Hct hematocrit
CK creatin kinase
Na sodium
FBS fasting blood sugar
O2 oxygen
CO2 carbon dioxide
BS blood sugar
azot/o nitrogen
glyc/o sugar
kal/i potassium
natr/o sodium
pyel/o renal pelvis
cyst/o bladder
lith/o stone
di-, dia through, complete
dys- painful, difficult
en in
extra outside
hyper excessive
intra within
olig scanty
poly excessive, profuse
re back
retro back, behind
Created by: pdeal
 

 



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