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WTHS A&P Final

WTHS A&P final review

list increasing levels of organization and complexity in living organisms: Atom, molecule, macromolecule, organelle, cell
All of the chemical reactions in the body that break down and build up substances metabolism
Maintaining internal conditions in the body within a certain range homeostasis
What is the difference between positive and negative feedback Positive: body moves further and further away from homeostasis which is unstable Negative: body stops further release of a product once desired levels are reached so homeostasis is maintained
Which body system filters wastes from the blood and maintains fluid and electrolyte balances? urinary
The structure of a body part is closely related to its: Function
A cell has three basic parts. They are the: Cell membrane, nucleus, cytoplasm
Three functions of the cell membrane are: Enabling the cell to communicate, controlling what substances enter and leave the cell, and helping cells attach to other cells.
If the concentration of glucose in the blood outside of a cell is hypertonic (more glucose in the blood than in the cell) then water will move: out of the cell into the blood
Which cellular transport processes require the greatest expenditure of cellular energy? Active transport
Specialized structures within cells are known as: organelles
What are the four basic types of body tissues? Connective, epithelial, muscle, nervous
Blood is a type of _____________ tissue. connective
The muscle tissue/s that cannot be consciously (voluntarily) controlled is: Cardiac muscle tissue and smooth muscle tissue
Smooth muscle is found in the wall of the intestines, stomach, arteries, etc.
The type of tissue that is primarily responsible for storing fat is adipose
two or more tissues grouped together that function together organ
skin, nails, hair follicles, and integumentary glands are part of the: integumentary system
slow water loss from deeper tissues, excrete wastes, regulate body temperature, and synthesize vitamin D are functions of: skin
characteristic/s of the person most likely to develop a cutaneous carcinoma? Over age 40, works/plays outdoors, light complexion
What is a normal homeostatic response to losing too much body heat on a cold day? dermal blood vessels in the extremities constrict, . skeletal muscles contract involuntarily
The order of the three layers of skin moving from superficial to deep are: Epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous
Identify bones in the lower limbs Femur, patella, tibia, fibula, tarsals, metatarsals, phalanges
Identify bones in the upper limbs clavicle, scapula, humerus, ulna, radius, carpals, metacarpals
What are the functions of bone? protect soft tissues, house blood-producing cells, store inorganic salts, provide attachments for muscle
The order of the vertebra from superior to inferior is Cervical, thoracic, lumbar
What are the bones of the axial skeleton? Skull, hyoid, vertebral column, ribs, sternum
The sliding filament theory explains: How muscles contract
maintain tone for posture, heart beat, move body parts, and produce heat are the functions of: muscle
Deltoid, biceps, and triceps are: upper limb muscles
Gluteus maximus, quadriceps group, hamstring group, tibialis anterior, and gastrocnemius are: lower limb muscles
Pectoralis major, latissimus dorsi, rectus abdominus, and trapezius are: axial muscles
The functional connection between two neurons is known as a: synapse
The CNS consists of the brain and spinal cord
A nerve impulse consists of a wave of__________________ potentials moving along the axon of a neuron. action
The interconnected fluid-filled cavities in the brain are called: ventricles
The control center for regulation of vital functions such a breathing and blood pressure are located in the: brainstem
Problem solving, reasoning, and voluntary movement are controlled by the _________ lobe. frontal
Vision is interpreted in the brain by the ________ lobe. occipital
Hearing is processed in the ___________ lobe. temporal
nearsighted (poor distant vision, better near vision) myopia
far sighted (poor close vision, better far vision) hypermetropia
brain’s natural pain control chemicals endorphins
Pain that feels like it is coming from a different area than the source of the problem referred pain
The auditory tube connects the throat with the middle ear
are associated with dynamic equilibrium semicircular canals
useful in dim light and night vision, movement rods
useful in color vision, day vision cones
Hormone concentrations are regulated by negative feedback
Secretion of pituitary hormones is largely controlled by the hypothalamus
Thyroid hormones T3 and T4 regulate metabolism
Decrease in blood glucose, cells let glucose enter, pancreas stores glucose as glycogen are caused by insulin
Increased urination, increased thirst, dehydration, increased levels of glucose in the urine, fatigue are early signs of Diabetes Mellitus
Type I (juvenile) Diabetes Mellitus is caused by: Immune system disorder
Created by: mrsrichardson