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clinical 1 ch30

fundamentals of pharmacology

any substance that produces a change in the function of a living organism drug
the study of drugs pharmacology
variety of sources that can be used to manufacture drugs plant;animal; mineral; synthetic; bioengineering
medications from plant digitalis and opium
medications from animals insulin and thyroid medications
medications from minerals lithium and sulfur
a substance used in to treatment to relieve symptoms therapeutic
a medicinal product used in addition with other procedures to detect abnormalities diagnostic
medicine that helps remove an agent that causes a disease curative
medicine that is used to replace chemicals replacement
medicine that is used to prevent or lessen the severity of a disease preventative or prophylatic
example of analgesic Tylenol; vicodin
anesthetic novacaine;liodocaine
antianxiety valium;xanax
antibiotic amoxicillin; levaquin, zithromax
anticoagulant coumadin; heparin; lovenox
antidepressant wellbutrin;paxil
antihistimine zyrtec; benadryl
NSAIDS advil; motrin
anti viral zovirax; tamiflu
antipsychotic zyprexa; seroquel
corticosteroid cortisone; prendisone; decadron
decongestant sudafed; afrin
diuretic lasix
cholesterol lowering agent lipitor; crestor
drug acts on the area of tissue it was administered local action
drug has an effect in a different location of the body than where it was administered remote action
drug absorbed into the blood stream and carried to other parts of the body systemic action
desired effect that a drug has on the body therapeutic effect
a secondary effect in addition to the therapeutic effect ie; GI upset side effect; adverse reaction
occurs when one drug diminishes the affects of another drug interection
body forms antibodies against specific chemicals in a drug drug allergy
name assigned to a drug in the lab chemical
drugs official name generic
drug name that is used exclusively by the company that produces the drug trade
factors that affect drug actions age; weight; compliance; disease; timing; tolerance; interactions from other drugs or food, gender
DEA drug enforcement administration
drugs that may have a potential for illegal use or abuse controlled substances
how many schedules are on the controlled substance schedule five
schedule 1 high potential for abuse, not legal, ex. heroin, marijuana; ectasy
schedule 2 high potential for abuse; accepted medical use; ex. morphine, dilaudid; codiene
schedule 3 less potential for abuse; ex. hydrocodone; suboxone;ketamine;
schedule 4 low potential for abuse; ex. Xanax; klonipin
schedule 5 lowest potential for abuse; ex. robitussin with codeine
requires a written prescription by MD only schedule 2 drugs
may be called in to the pharmacy and refilled 5 times in a 6month period schedule 5
example of a drug resource available in most offices PDR (physicians desk reference)
seven right of drug administration RIGHT: patient; drug; dose; route; time; technique; documentation
medications that pass through the organs of digestion enteral
medications that are given outside the intestines parenteral
medications given by mouth oral medication
solid oral medication tablets,caplet,capsule, gel caps
medication given on the inside of the cheek buccal
medication given under the tongue sublingual
form of oral medication for pediatric patients liquid
routes for parenteral medications injectables, mucosal membranes(eyes, nose, ear, vaginal); topical; transdermal; inhalation
lotion, ointments, liniment are examples of topical medications
cardiac glycoside digoxine
NSAIDS ibuprofen; naprosyn
hypnotic ambien
muscle relaxant flexaril
CNS stimulant ritalin; adderall
antihypertensive vasotec; enalapril; Hctz
antianginal nitroglycerin
antiemetic zofran; compazine
maximum dose at which a drug will provide its greatest effect drug ceiling
range between the therapeutic dose and toxic dose of a drug therapeutic index
rate and extent at which a drug is absorbed and made available for use bioavailability
DEA requires a full inventory of controlled substances to be done every 2 years
this schedule of narcotics does not allow for refills schedule II
concentration of medication mixed with sugar and water syrup
medication mixed in a sweetened liquid and usually contains alcohol elixir
PDR white pages section 1 manufacturers index; section 5 product information; section 6 dietary supplement information
PDR pink pages brand and generic name index
PDR blue pages product category index
PDR gray pages product identification guide
medication particles that are dissolved in a liquid. suspension
Created by: clarevoyant1019
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