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Anatomy Roots

BHS Dual Credit Anatomy & Physiology 15-16 Summer Assignment Terms P.1

a- without (ex. avascular)
aer- air (ex. aerobic metabolism)
-algia pain (ex. neuralgia)
arter- artery (ex. arterial)
arthro- joint (ex. arthroscopy)
auto- self (ex. autonomic)
bio- life (ex. biology)
-blast germ (ex. osteoblast)
bronch- windpipe/airway (ex. bronchial tubes)
cardi- cardio- -cardia heart (ex. cardiac arrest)
cerebr- brain (ex. cerebral cortex)
cervic- neck (ex. cervical vertebrae)
chondro- cartilage (ex. chondrocyte)
cranio- skull (ex. cranium, craniosacral)
cyt- cyto- a hollow cell (ex. cytokine)
derm- skin (ex. dermatome, dermatologist)
-ectomy excision (ex. appendectomy)
end- endo- within (ex. endergonic, endothermic, endometrium)
epi- on (ex. epimysium)
ex- out of/away from (ex. exocytosis)
hemo- blood (ex. hemopoiesis, hemophilia)
hemi- one half (ex. hemisphere)
histo - tissue (ex. histology)
homo- same (ex. homozygous, homosexual)
hyper- above (ex. hyperpolarization)
hypo- under (ex. hypothyroid, hypodermic needle)
inter- between (ex. interventricular)
iso- equal (ex. istonic, isosceles)
leuk- leuko- white (ex. leukemia, leukocyte)
lyso- -lysis -lyze loosening (ex. hydrolysis)
meso- middle (ex. mesoderm)
micr- small (ex. microscope, microcosm)
morph- morpho- form (ex. morphology, morphotype)
myo- muscle (ex. myofilament, myofascial)
nephr- kidney (ex. nephron)
neur- neuri- neuro- nerve (ex. neural, neuromuscular)
-ology study of (ex. physiology, biology)
-osis state, condition (ex. neurosis, psychosis)
ost- oste- osteo- bone (ex. osteoporosis)
oto- ear (ex. otology)
path- patho- -pathy disease (ex. idiopathy, pathogenesis, neuropathy)
peri- around (ex. perineuriem)
phago- to eat (ex. phagocyte)
-phil -philia love (ex. hemophilia)
-phot -photo light (ex. photoreceptor, photosynthesis, photon)
physio- nature (ex. physiology)
pre- before (ex. precapillary sphincter)
pulmo- lung (ex. pulmonary)
retro- backwards (ex. retroperitoneal)
sacro- flesh (ex. sarcomere)
scler- sclera- hard (ex. sclera, sclerosis)
-scope to view (ex. colonoscope, colonoscopy)
sub- below (ex. subdermal, subcutaneous)
super- above, beyond (ex. superficial)
-trophy nourishment (ex. atrophy)
vas- vessel (ex. vascular)
Created by: stopi