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Anatomy Q3

Final Study Guide

pH of blood 7.35 - 7.45
temperature of blood 100.4*F
composition of blood plasma Albumin, Globulins & Fibrinogen (proteins) & water
liquid component of blood plasma
plasma protein involved in blood clotting fibrinogen
protein that converts fibrinogen into fibrin thrombin
plasma proteins involved with osmotic pressure albumin
plasma proteins involved with antibody and lipid transport globulins
which blood cells are oxygen transporting & carry hemoglobin? RBCs (erythrocytes)
the study of blood vessels angiology
give rise to lymphocytes lymphoid stem cells
give rise to blood cells other than lymphocytes myeloid stem cells
the formed elements of blood leukocytes (WBCs), erythrocytes (RBCs) & platelets
which cells transform into macrophages? monocytes
process by which blood cells are formed hematopoiesis
site of hematopoiesis bone marrow
Esophageal Arteries: parietal or visceral? visceral
Esophageal Arteries: thoracic or abdominal? thoracic
Esophageal Arteries: paired or unpaired? unpaired
Superior Phrenic Arteries: parietal or visceral? parietal
Superior Phrenic Arteries: thoracic or abdominal? thoracic
Superior Phrenic Arteries: paired or unpaired? paired
Inferior Phrenic Arteries: parietal or visceral? parietal
Inferior Phrenic Arteries: thoracic or abdominal? abdominal
Inferior Phrenic Arteries: paired or unpaired? paired
Posterior Intercostal Arteries: parietal or visceral? parietal
Posterior Intercostal Arteries: thoracic or abdominal? thoracic
Posterior Intercostal Arteries: paired or unpaired? paired
Subcostal Arteries: parietal or visceral? parietal
Subcostal Arteries: thoracic or abdominal? thoracic
Subcostal Arteries: paired or unpaired? paired
Superior Mesenteric Artery: parietal or visceral? visceral
Superior Mesenteric Artery: thoracic or abdominal? abdominal
Superior Mesenteric Artery: paired or unpaired? unpaired
Inferior Mesenteric Artery: parietal or visceral? visceral
Inferior Mesenteric Artery: thoracic or abdominal? abdominal
Inferior Mesenteric Artery: paired or unpaired? unpaired
Renal Arteries: parietal or visceral? visceral
Renal Arteries: thoracic or abdominal? abdominal
Renal Arteries: paired or unpaired? paired
3 branches of the celiac trunk 1. left gastric artery 2. splenic artery 3. common hepatic artery
Is the deep palmar arch a branch of the subclavian? NO
4 branches of the Left Subclavian Artery 1. vertebral artery 2. internal thoracic artery 3. thyrocervical trunk 4. costocervical trunk
2 branches of the Brachiocephalic Artery 1. right subclavian 2. right common carotid
what artery is formed by the convergence of the left & right vertebral arteries? basilar artery
Which blood vessel layer is made of endothelial tissue? tunica intima
Which blood vessel layer is made of connective tissue? tunica externa
Which blood vessel layer is made of smooth muscle tissue? tunica media
Which layer of the heart muscle is the thickest? myocardium
outer layer of the serous pericardium parietal pericardium
inner layer of the serous pericardium visceral pericardium
external layer of the heart wall epicardium
inner layer of the heart wall endocardium
middle layer of the heart wall myocardium
visceral layer of the serous pericardium epicardium
Scarpa's Triangle: lateral border sartorius
Scarpa's Triangle: medial border adductor longus
Scarpa's Triangle: superior border inguinal ligament
Are the vertebral arteries part of the Circle of Willis? NO
9 vessels of the Circle of Willis - anterior communicating artery - R&L internal carotid arteries - R&L anterior cerebral arteries - R&L posterior cerebral arteries - R&L posterior communicating arteries
4 branches of the internal carotid 1. ophthalmic 2. anterior cerebral 3. middle cerebral 4. posterior communicating
8 branches of the external carotid 1. facial 2. posterior auricular 3. ascending pharyngeal 4. superficial temporal (terminal branch) 5. maxillary (terminal branch) 6. superior thyroid 7. lingual 8. occiptal
upper extremity arteries (order) 1. brachiocephalic 2. subclavian 3. axillary 4. brachial 5. radial
lower extremity arteries (order) 1. common iliac 2. external iliac 3. femoral 4. popliteal 5. anterior tibial 6. dorsalis pedis
order of vessels off of the aorta 1. brachiocephalic 2. left common carotid 3. left subclavian
terminal branches of the aorta 1. common iliac 2. median sacral
order of blood vessels from & back to the heart 1. arteries 2. arterioles 3. capillaries 4. venules 5. veins
AG: femoral artery center of Scarpa's triangle (lateral: sartorius, medial: adductor longus)
AL: femoral artery begins: inguinal ligament ends: opening of adductor magnus
LG: femoral artery from center of inguinal ligament to medial condyle of femur
AG: external iliac inferior medial border of psoas major
AL: external iliac from bifurcation of common iliac to a point beneath inguinal ligament (oblique along psoas major)
AG: axillary artery* medial border of coracobrachialis
AL: axillary artery* begins: lateral border of 1st rib ends: tendon of teres major
LG: axillary artery center of axillary space
AG: ulnar artery* lateral to flexor carpi ulnaris
AL: ulnar artery* begins: antecubital fossa ends: palm of hand
LG: ulnar artery* center of antecubital fossa to 4th & 5th fingers
AG: brachial artery biceps brachii
AL: brachial artery begins: teres major ends: antecubital fossa
LG: brachial artery axillary space to antecubital fossa
AG: anterior tibial artery inferior & lateral edge of tibia
AL: anterior tibial artery begins: inferior border of patella ends: anterior surface of ankle
LG: anterior tibial artery* lateral border of patella to anterior surface of ankle
AG: common iliac artery* superior medial border of psoas major
AG: common carotid artery medial border of SCM; between trachea & SCM
AL: right common carotid begins: sternoclavicular articulation ends: superior border of thyroid cartilage
esophageal arteries supply... esophagus
inferior phrenic arteries supply... diaphragm
superior phrenic arteris supply... posterior part of upper surface of diaphragm
posterior intercostal arteries supply... intercostal spaces
subcostal arteries supply... area below 12th rib
superior mesenteric artery supplies... small intestine & proximal portion of large intestine
inferior mesenteric artery supplies... distal portion of large intestine
renal arteries supply... kidneys
vessels that provide blood to the outer layers of the large blood vessels vasa vasorum
"vessels of the vessels" vasa vasorum
intercostal veins drain into... azygos sytem
location of great & small saphenous veins thigh & leg/lower extremity
blood from most of the tissues of the brain drains into... dural sinuses
blood from most of the abdominal organs drains into... hepatic portal system
right & left brachiocephalics drain into... superior vena cava
returns systemic blood superior to the diaphragm to the right atrium superior vena cava
suprarenal vein drains into... inferior vena cava
inferior phrenic vein drains into... inferior vena cava
hepatic vein drains into... inferior vena cava
a hole in the interatrial septum foramen ovale
becomes the fossa ovalis foramen ovale
a shunt from the pulmonary trunk to the aortic arch ductus arteriosus
becomes the ligamentum arteriosum ductus arteriosus
branch from the internal iliac arteries & carry blood to the placenta to pick up oxygen & nutrients paired umbilical arteries
become the medial umbilical ligaments paired umbilical arteries
returns blood from the placenta to the fetus unpaired umbilical vein
becomes the ligamentum teres (round ligament) unpaired umbilical vein
shunts some blood away from the fetal liver ductus venosus
becomes the ligamentum venosum ductus venosus
located at the union of lumbar & intestinal trunks cisterna chyli
largest organ of lymphatic system spleen
site of T lymphocyte maturation thymus
lymphocytes that attach primarily eukaryotic cells and viruses T cells
lymphocytes that multiply to become plasma cells & secrete antibodies B cells
the lymphatic structure that filters & cleans the lymph of pathogens cervical & axillary lymph nodes
largest tonsils palatine
tonsils that are most infected during childhood palatine
where is MALT especially abundant? aggregated lymph nodules & Peyer's Patches
MALT is also especially concentrated in the... appendix
lymphatic duct present in all individuals thoracic duct
lymphatic duct that drains the right upper quarter right lymphatic duct
when 2 distal ends of arteries or veins join together anastomoses
the vein that does not have a companion vein and descends vertically through the neck on the SCM azygos vein
vertebral veins descend through... the transverse foramina of C1-C6
dural sinuses drain into... the internal jugular
Created by: leahmurphy



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