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clinical 1 final

final review/medical asepsis

the state of being free from all pathogenic organisms asepsis
microorganisms that cause disease pathogens
healthy bacteria that protects us against infection normal flora
bacteria, viruses, parasites, fungi, rickettsiae are examples of infectious agents
people, equipment, food, water, animals, insects are examples of reservoirs
What are the most common infectious agents? bacteria,viruses,fungi,parasites,protozoa
person that is capable of being infected susceptible host
infectious agent leaves the reservoir through a portal of exit
person that is capable of being infected susceptible host
the stages of the infectious disease process incubation;prodromal;acute;declining; convalesant
treat all blood/body fluids as if they are infectious universal precautions
PPE stands for personal protective equipment
PPE includes gloves,mask, gown, face shields, head cover, shoe cover
washing and scrubbing equipment to remove blood and tissue sanitization
process of using chemicals to kill microorganisms disinfection
process of destroying all forms of living microorganisms sterilization
sterilization in an autoclave is achieved at what temp? 250-254 F
practice used to reduce the amount of microorganisms once they leave the body medical asepsis
process by which disposable medical equipment and body parts are destroyed by flame incineration
this is not a substitute for wearing gloves hand washing
first line of defense to decreasing the spread of microorganisms hand washing
sterilizing articles using steam under pressure autoclaving
single or loosely wrapped items are sterilized using autoclave in 30 minutes
serrations on an instrument help to grip
instrument used to puncture tissue will have teeth
instrument used to scrape and remove currette
instrument used to pull back tissue to increase field of vision retractor
most common local anesthetics lidocaine and xylocaine
bandaging to immobilize a joint is done in figure eight
most common method of bandaging is circular
stage one of would healing inflammatory
stage two of wound healing proliferative
stage three of wound healing maturation
when identifying a patient always use two identifiers
when applying antiseptic soap to the skin in concentric circles center outward
what is achieved by applying a moist dressing, allowing it to dry, and then removing it debridement
prior to any procedure you should have the patient empty their bladder
alternative wound care for delayed healing using oxygen hyperbaric chamber
dressing placed over a primary dressing to assist with fluid absorption is classified as a secondary dressing
which instrument is used to hold sterile drapes/towels in place towel clamp
what uses electricity to cut and cauterized blood vessels electric cautery; bove
what sterile drape is used to expose the surgical site fenestrated drape
an epidural is what type of anesthesia regional
who is responsible for applying the dressing after a procedure medical assistant
what type of anesthesia is used for major surgery general
what type of drainage is purulent pus
what procedure is done to an abcess/cyst and may require packing incision and drainage
what instrument is used to stop bleeding hemostat and electric cautery
autoclaving multiple wrapped items are sterilized for 40 minutes
disinfectants don't always kill spores
alcohol based hand sanitizers should contain what percentage of alcohol 60-90%
common low level household disinfectants bleach and isopropyl alcohol
placed on the inside of a surgical pack that confirms proper sterilization internal indicators
placed on the outside of a surgical pack to seal the wrapping and ensure proper sterilization autoclave tape
shelf life of instruments using sterilization pouches 3-12 months
includes universal precautions but holds the health care worker responsible for using additional PPE standard precautions
sterilizing instruments using a chemical sterilant cold sterilization
instruments used to improve visualization dilators, probes, scopes, speculum,retractors
holds the edges of a wound together to promote faster healing and reduce scarring sutures
type of suture material used on internal structures and does not need to be removed absorbable
most common suture material used, needs to be removed nonabsorbable
reversible loss of consciousness used during major surgery general anesthesia
suture removal for scalp and trunk 7-10 days
suture removal for face 3-5 days
suture removal for arms and legs 10-14 days
suture removal for joints 14 days
smallest suture size available 6.0
type of closure indicated for superficial wounds and can also reinforce sutures sterile skin closures; steri strips
part of a surgical instrument that determines its use tip
type of antimicrobial soap given to patients to use before a surgical procedure hibiclens
common antiseptic used during surgery betadine;iodine
procedure to remove unwanted tissue like a wart using liquid nitrogen cryosurgery
closing of a wound laceration repair
used to flush and clean open wounds sterile saline
done on an abcess or cyst and may involve packing incision and drainage
dressing that is placed directly over the wound primary dressing
dressing placed over the primary dressing to assist with fluid absorption secondary dressing
sterile solutions should be gently poured 2-6 inches over the field
surgical scrub is done for 2-6 minutes
sterile dressings are used to keep out dirt and bacteria
prescriptions usually given to the patient postoperatively analgesic and anitbiotic
how far should the bandage extend beyond the dressing 1-2 inches
bandages should be applied distal to proximal
set of precautions used based on the transmission of the disease transmission based precautions
Created by: clarevoyant1019
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