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STEP 1 2009-1 1-10

英検1級 9 

TermDefinitionExample
default to fail to do something that legally must be done If the borrower defaults, the bank can take the house.
shove to push (something) with force A large man shoved me out of the way.
succumb to stop trying to resist something They will pressure you, and you must try not to succumb.
outage They will pressure you, and you must try not to succumb.
overhaul to look at every part of (something) and repair or replace the parts that do not work The mechanic overhauled the car's engine.
influx the arrival of a large number of people or something The city is preparing for a large influx of tourists this summer.
onset the beginning of something If you take enough vitamin C at the onset of a cold, you'll often recover faster
wedge to force (someone or something) into a very small or narrow space The dog got wedged between the couch and the end table.
dislodge to forcefully remove (something or someone) from a place or position The army has dislodged enemy forces from their stronghold.
shiver to break into many small pieces; to undergo trembling
dredge to dig, gather, or pull out with or as if with a dredge
fugitive a person who is running away to avoid being captured They discovered that the slave was a fugitive.
prosecute to hold a trial against a person who is accused of a crime to see if that person is guilty: to work as a lawyer to try to prove a case against someone accused of a crime
stalwart very loyal and dedicated their strong and stalwart son
diffuse to spread out : to move freely throughout a large area The heat from the radiator diffuses throughout the room.
subdue to get control of (a violent or dangerous person or group) by using force, punishment, etc. She struggled to subdue her fears.
ensue to come at a later time : to happen as a result When the news broke, a long period of chaos ensued.
beckon to signal (someone) with your arm or hand in order to tell that person to come closer or follow She beckoned the waiter to come over.
prolong to make (something) last or continue for a longer time High interest rates were prolonging the recession.
abridge to shorten (a book, a play, etc.) by leaving out some parts abridge a dictionary by omitting rare/uncommon words
statutory controlled or determined by a law or rule He had reached the statutory age of retirement.
perfunctory used to describe something that is done without energy or enthusiasm because of habit or because it is expected a perfunctory smile/nod/salute
corroborate to support or help prove (a statement, theory, etc.) by providing information or evidence Two witnesses corroborated [=confirmed] his story
deviate to do something that is different or to be different from what is usual or expected He almost never deviates from his usual routine.
deprecate to criticize or express disapproval of (someone or something) I don't mean to deprecate [=belittle, minimize] his accomplishments.
capitulate to stop fighting an enemy or opponent : to admit that an enemy or opponent has won The country still refuses to capitulate despite its weakening army and dwindling resources.
instigate to cause (something) to happen or begin She blamed him for instigating [=starting] the argument.
dissuade to convince (someone) not to do something Our warnings did not dissuade them.
repudiate to refuse to accept or support (something) : to reject (something or someone) a generation that has repudiated the values of the past
proximity the state of being near I like the proximity of the bus stop to my home.
frivolity a lack of seriousness : the quality or state of being silly or frivolous He has no patience for frivolity.
perseverance the quality that allows someone to continue trying to do something even though it is difficult His perseverance was rewarded: after many rejections, he finally found a job.
sustenance something (such as food) that keeps someone or something alive The village depends on the sea for sustenance.
candor the quality of being open, sincere, and honest She spoke with candor about racism.
angst a strong feeling of being worried or nervous : a feeling of anxiety about your life or situation a film about teenage angst
penchant a strong liking for something or a strong tendency to behave in a certain way Her penchant for mathematics helped her to become an engineer.
trance a state that is like being asleep except that you can move and respond to questions and commands like a person who is awake The hypnotist put him in a (hypnotic) trance.
abate to become weaker : to decrease in strength We waited for the wind to abate.
Created by: na235