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Hip Muscles

Origin, Insertion, Action, Nerve Innervation

MUSCLEORIGININSERTIONACTIONINNERVATION
Pectineus Superios ramus of pubis pectineal line hip flexion, adduction Femoral Nerve (L2-L4)
Adductor longus pubis middle 1/3 of linea aspera hip adduction Obturator Nerve (L3-L4)
Adductor Brevis pubis pectineal line, proximal linea aspera hip addcution Obturator Nerve (L3-L4)
Adductor Magnus pubis entire length of linea aspera and adductor tubercle hip adduction Obturator Nerve (L3-L4) and SCIATIC NERVE
Gracilis pubis anteromedial aspect of proximal tibia hip adduction, assist knee flexion Obturator Nerve (L2-L3)
Gluteus Maximus posterior sacrum and ilium posterior aspect of femur just distal to IT band and Greater trochanter hip extension, hyperextension, lateral rotation Inferior Gluteal Nerve (L5-S2)
Gluteus Minimus outer ilium lateral surface of greater trochanter hip abduction Superior Gluteal Nerve (L4-S1)
Gluteus Medius lateral ilium anterior surface of greater trochanter hib abduction, medial rotation Superior Gluteal Nerve (L4-S1)
Tensor Fascia Latae ASIS Lateral condyle of tibia Combined hip flexion and abduction Superior Gluteal Nerve (L4-L5)
Semimembranosus Ischial Tuberosity Posterior surface of medial condyle of tibia hip extension, knee flexion Sciatic Nerve (L5-S2)
Semitendonosus Ischial Tuberosity Anteromedial aspect of proximal tibia hip extension, knee flexion Sciatic Nerve (L5-S2)
Biceps Femoris Ischial Tuberosity (short head - lateral lip of linea aspera) fibular head hip extension, knee flexion, (short head - knee flexion only) Sciatic Nerve (L5-S2)
Obturator Externus Obturator Nerve
Piriformis S1-S2
Obturator Internus/Gemellus Superior Nerve to Obturator Internus
Quadratus Femoris/Gemellus Inferior Nerve to Quadratus Femoris
Iliopsoas Iliac fossa, Lateral surface of vertebrae T12-L5 Lesser Trochanter hip flexion Femoral Nerve (L2-L3)
Sartorius ASIS Anterior surface of proximal tibia fip flexion, abduction, lateral rotation, knee flexion Femoral Nerve (L2-L3)
Rectus Femoris AIIS Tibial Tuberosity hip flexion, knee extension Femoral Nerve (L2-L4)
Created by: SaraBranch