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Test review 6&7

Blood and Respiratory system

What are the five types of leukocytes? Basophils-Release basic stuff like histamine Eosinophils-destroy parasite Neutrophils-important for phagocytosis Monocytes- important from phagocytosis Lymphocytes- play several different roles
What is the difference between an autologous transfusion and a homologous transfusion? Autologous-transfusion from the patient Homologous-transfusion from other person
What is the difference between plasma and serum? Plasma-has clotting agents Serum-dosen't have clotting agents
Which blood type is the Universal Donor? Type O
Which blood type is the Universal Recipient? Type AB
Which virus causes mononucleosis? Epstein-Barr Mononucleosis = Acute infectious disease with a large amount of atypical lymphocytes and there will be abnormal liver function
What is the name of the lymph nodes located in the neck? Cervical
What is the name of the lymph nodes located in the underarm? Axillary
What is the name of the lymph nodes located in the groin? Inguinal
Where are the adenoids located? In the Nasopharynx (the superior section of the pharynx that receives air from the nose)
What are the adenoids made out of? Lymphatic tissue and contain a large number of leukocytes
What are the major organs of the respiratory system? Nasal, pharynx, trachea, bronchial, lungs
what are the parts of the pharynx? Upper nasopharynx, middle oropharynx, lower laryngopharynx
What tube connects the pharynx and the bronchi? Trachy
What is the difference between sputum and phlegm? Sputum is phlegm that is coughed out of the mouth from the lungs Phlegm - Mucus that lines on the respiratory tract
What is the purpose of the diaphragm? Creates pressure to get air in and out gives us the ability to breath Separate the thoracic cavity and the abdominal cavity
What is the difference between a tracheostomy and a tracheotomy? tracheostomy-is surgical procedure used to make an opening in the trachea to creat an airway. the tube can be inserted to keep the opening patent. Tracheotomy-The surgical incision to provide an airway.
What does a cytology test check for? Cancer cells
What does a culture and sensitivity check for? Checks for bacterial growth and the way to kill them.
What is the suffix for "surgical repair"? -plasty
What is the suffix for "surgical removal of?" -ectormy
What is the suffix for "visually examining?" -scopy
What is the suffix for "narrowing?" -stenosis
What is the suffix for "discharge or runny?" -rrhea
What is the suffix for a "record of?" -gram
What is the suffix for inflammation? -itis
what is the suffix for pain? -algia
what is the suffix for tumor? -oma
what is the prefix for chest? thorac/o
What is the combining form for lymph gland? Lymphaden/o
What is the combining form for lymph vessels? Lymphangi/o
What is the combining form for nose? rhin/o or nas/o
What is the lay man's term for the trachea? Windpipe
What is the lay man's term for the larynx? Voice box
Active acquired immunity could make you sick. inject only part or dead part of the pathogens and let your body build up antibody to fight against that diseases
Agglutin/o Clumping
anemia reduction in the number of red blood cells or the amount of hemoglobin in the blood
Antigen substance that is capable of inducing the formation of an antibody
Apnea Condition of not breathing
Atelectasis When the alveoli in a portion of the lung collapse
Auscultation Listening to the sound with in the body by using sththoscope
bronchitis inflammation of the bronchial tube/ lower respiratory tract that often occurs after other childhood infections such as measles.
Cardiologist Someone who studies the cardiovascular system
Croup Acute respiratory condition found in infants and children barking type cough, hoarse cough
Differential blood test To determine the number of each leukocytes
Diaphragm muscle Changes the pressure so you can breath
dyspnea Difficult, labored breathing
Emphysema Destruction of the walls of the alveali.(long-termed heavy smoke) patient will be able to breathe only when sitting/ standing position.
Empyema Pus within the pleural space usally associated with a bacterial infection
Epistaxis nosebleed
Fibrin Fibers, whitish protein formed by the action of thrombin and fibronogen , which is the basis for clotting the blood
Hematocrit blood test (HCT, Hct, Crit) measures the volume of red blood cells
Hematologist Someone who studies the blood
Hemoglobin blood test Test to measure the amount of hemoglobin present in the given blood volume
Hemophilia Can not clot well, there is a prolonged blood clotting time. transmitted by a sex-linked trait from females to males.
Hemostasis To stop bleeding on the stagnation of blood flow through the tissue
inferior below, towards the feet / tail
leukemia Cancer of the white blood cell forming bone marrow; results in a large number WBC, circulating in the blood.
lymphadenitis inflammation of the lymph glands referred to as swollen glands
monospot test for infections mononacleosis in which there is a nonspecific antibody called heterophile antibody
palpation touch feel
pathogenic mincoscopic organisms that can create diseases
Percussion use of the fingertip to tap the body sharply and lightly
Phagacyte neutrophil that ingests and destroys bacteria
Phlebotomist someone who draws blood from vein ( Venipuncture)
pleural effusion abnormal presence of fluid or gas in the pleural cavity. the physician can check the symptom by tapping the chest ( percussion) and listening with stethoscope (auscultation)
Pneum/o Lung, air
Pneumothorax collection of air or gas in the pleural cavity which can result in the collapse of a lung
Polycythemia vera Production of too many red blood cells in the bone marrow
Prothrombin time test The time it takes for a sample of blood to coagulate
Pulmonary edema Condition in which lung tissue retains or excessive amount of fluid, results in labored breathing
Pulmonary embolism Blood clot or air bubble in the pulmonary artery or one of its branches
Rales high pitch sound made when breathing, abnormal cracking sound during inspiration. usually indicates the presence of moisture and can indicate a pneumonia condition
rhonchi Musical sound made when expiration often found in asthma or infection and caused by spasms of the bronchial tubes also called wheezing
Spirometry using a device to measure breathing capacity of the lungs
stridor a low deep sound made when breathing, harsh, high-pitched noisy breathing sound that is made when there is an obstruction of the bronchus or larynx found in conditions such as croup in children.
Thrombocytopenia too few platelets/clotting cells
Thromboplastin Substance released by platelets
Total lung cpacity The volume of air in the lungs after a maximal inhalation
Vital capacity The total volume of air that can be exhaled after a maximum inhalation. this amount is equal to the sum of tidal volume, inspiratory reserve volume and expiratory reserve volume
Created by: Seanmorrone