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Unit 4 Lessons 1-3

This covers the rise and fall of empires

TermDefinition
Greek Assembly a large group of male citizens that can vote on important issues
Council of 500 decision makers in Greece similar to our Senate today
aristocracy government run by wealthier individuals
republic a government run by elected representatives
monarchy a government run by a king-like figure (whose son will be the next king)
Augustus also known as Octavian
exile sending accused away from the community
pardon What Augustus offered those who surrendered to Rome
patrimony Augustus gave gifts of food and land when taxes fell short
city-state This is a government that is the size of a city, but wanted to be treated as its own country (state).
Athens Along with Sparta, this was a well-known example of a city-state
strong military a key ingredient for empire expansion
trade This series of economic exchanges also helps an empire to grow
population growth This also occurs in an empire, as new people move in, as new lands are acquired
waterways Access to these liquid masses also helps to move the military and other resources for an empire
power the ability, strength, and/or capacity to do something
authority the right to use power to enforce rules
individualism you value standing alone rather than relying on a group
to oppress to use authority in a forceful way
tolerance the acceptance of differences (such as a different culture of a conquered people): a way for empires to avoid some civil wars
polytheistic belief in many gods
monotheistic belief in one god
Ashoka killed 99 of his brothers so he could keep the throne (Mauryan Empire)
Buddhism religion Ashoka converted to (after killing all his brothers)
autocracy when absolute power is in the hands on one individual (modern word: dictator)
conquest taking control of a place or people with military force
bureaucracy a group of non-elected officials of a government or organization that carry out the rules, laws and ideas in order to organize and manage people, resources, and territory
alliance where people or groups of people like city-states, work together for a common goal
Delian League Athens collected tax money; in exchange, other city-states received the protection from the powerful Athenian navy
aqueduct a channel built by the Romans to move water closer to the people that used it.
the Roman Senate a powerful group during the Roman Republic: they controlled the money as well as the court system
assassination this seemed to be the method of choice for removing officials that had different political views than others
Created by: johnbacolor
 

 



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