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Urinary System

Med Term

QuestionAnswer
The urinary system consist of: two kidneys, two ureters, one bladder and one urethra
The ______ _______ can be used interchangeably with urinary system. excretory system
What are two terms meaning related to kidneys? nephro- and renal
These glands sit above the kidneys and secrete epinephrine and cortical hormones. adrenal glands
What is dialysis? provides artificial replacement for the kidneys due to renal failure
Name some functions of the urinary system. remove waste from blood; maintain fluid and elecyrolyte balance; secreting substances that affect blood pressure
How much urine is excreted daily? 1-2 liters
Protective outer covering made up of connective fibrous tissue. Renal capsule
Musculomembraneous tube that passes from the kidneys to the urinary bladder. Ureter
What is the function of the ureter? to convey urine from the kidneys to the bladder
Urinary bladder Musculomembranous sac that serves as a reservoir for urine.
What is another term used to describe urination? micturition
How long is the ureter? 10-12 inches long
Conveys urine outside of the body urethra
oliguria or anuria decreased or absent of the production of urine
Inflammation of bladder cystitis
narrowing or contraction of a passage Stenosis
cyst/o bladder
vesic/o urinary bladder
lith/o stone
ren/o kidney
albumin/o albumin or protein
hydr/o water
py/o pus
olig/o scanty; few
-ptosis droop; sagging
-tripsy to crush
-stenosis narrowing
-lysis break down
-megaly enlargement
-poietin formation
-uria urine; urination
-sclerosis hardening
-ole little; small
anti- against
peri- surrounding
retro- back
poly- many
dys- bad; painful
dia- through
en- within; in
a-; an- not, no
-ostomy new opening
-tomy incision
-ectomy removal
-gram record
-plasty surgical repair
-emia blood condition
dipsia thirst
noc- night
angio- blood vessel
ANURIA pertaining to without urine
cystalgia pain in bladder
cystectomy removal of the bladder
cystitis inflammation of the bladder
cystocele hernia in the bladder
urethritis inflammation of the urethra
diuretics medication to excrete excessive urine
dysturia pertaining to bad or painful urination
incontinence inability to hold urine
lithotomy removal of stone
nephritis inflammation of the kidney
nephrologist one who specializes in the study of the kidneys
nocturia excessive urination at night
polyuria excessive urination
Created by: sr4095
 

 



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