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final exam part 2

HIT 104 Med Terminology

is a collection of pus and protein that is present in the site of infection abscess
is a defect of melanin production that results in little or no color (pigment) in the skin, hair, and eyes. albinism
is an endocrine disorder acromegaly
absence of hair from areas where it normally grows alopecia
brain disorder marked by gradual and progressive mental deterioration personality changes and impatient of daily functioning alzheimer's disease
is the absence of menstruation amenorrhea
is a treatment with certain medicines that puts you into a deep sleep so you do not feel pain during surgery. When you receive these medicines, you will not be aware of what is happening around you.1 anesthesia
is a bulge or "ballooning" in the wall of an artery. Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood from the aneurysm
red blood cells are of unequal size anisocytosis
is a stiffness of a joint due to abnormal adhesion and rigidity of the bones of the joint, which may be the result of injury or disease. ankylosis
failure of the kidneys to produce urine. anuria
not breathing apnea
no action ataxia
part of the lung is infected atelectasis
is a condition in which an orifice or passage in the body is abnormally closed or absent. atresia
inflammation of the glans penis balanitis
surgical repair of the eyelid blepharoplasty
is a clouding of the lens in your eye. cataract
burn ache causalgia
cavities of the body cervical, thoracic, lumbar and sacral
incision of the gall bladder cholelithotomy
The basic acne lesion comedo
Subcutaneous air; Tissue emphysema crepitus
is breathing difficulty and a "barking" cough. croup
abnormal condition of the skin coloring blue cyanosis
hernia in the cystic bladder cystocele
the secretion of sweat diaphoresis
is the part of the cardiac cycle when the heart refills with blood following systole diastole
increased or excessive production of urine. diuresis
infection of the intestines resulting in severe diarrhea with the presence of blood and mucus in the feces. desentery
difficulty swallowing dysphagia
a blood clot embolus
the action or process of vomiting. emesis
involuntary urination, especially by children at night. enuresis
“squint,” in which one or both eyes turns inward. esotropia
study of causes or diseases etiology
a muscular twitching involving individual muscle fibers acting without coordination fibrillation
a benign tumor of muscular and fibrous tissues fibroid
split or crack in the bone fissure
a rapid vibration or pulsation flutter
ocalized death and decomposition of body tissue, resulting from either obstructed circulation or bacterial infection. gangrene
a condition of increased pressure within the eyeball, causing gradual loss of sight. glaucoma
a swelling of the neck resulting from enlargement of the thyroid gland. goiter
a pregnant woman gravida
paralysis of one side of the body. hemiplegia
water in the hernia hydrocele
excessive physical sensitivity, especially of the skin. hyperesthesia
high blood sugar hyperglycemia
farsightedness hyperopia
the enlargement of an organ or tissue caused by an increase in the reproduction rate of its cells, often as an initial stage in the development of cancer. hyperplasia
excessive growth hypertrophy
a congenital condition in males in which the opening of the urethra is on the underside of the penis. hypospadias
a painful obstruction of the ileum or other part of the intestine. ileus
death of tissue infarction
is a serious disorder in which part of the intestine slides into an adjacent part of the intestine. intusssception
an inadequate blood supply to an organ or part of the body, especially the heart muscles. ischemia
an area of irregular fibrous tissue formed at the site of a scar or injury. keloid
excessive outward curvature of the spine, causing hunching of the back. kyphosis
excessive inward curvature of the spine. lordosis
A circumscribed change in the color of skin that is neither raised nor depressed. macule
hernia in meninges meningocele
bursting forth of menstrual blood menorrhagia
a chronic, typically progressive disease involving damage to the sheaths of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord, whose symptoms may include numbness, impairment of speech and of muscular coordination, blurred vision, and severe fatigue. multiple sclerosis
an abnormal sound heard on listening to the heart murmur
The formation of bone marrow or of blood cells derived from bone marrow. myelopoiesis
a tumor composed of muscular tissue. myoma
nearsightedness myopia
excessive urinating at night nocturia
the inability to see in dim light or at night. nyctalopia
the blockage or closing of a blood vessel or hollow organ. occlusion
surgical removal of one or both ovaries oophorectomy
softening of the bones osteomalacia
pores in the bones osteoporosis
relieving pain or alleviating a problem without dealing with the underlying cause. palliative
a small, raised, solid pimple or swelling, often forming part of a rash on the skin and typically inflamed but not producing pus. papule
a condition of muscular weakness caused by nerve damage or disease paresis
a progressive disease of the nervous system marked by tremor, muscular rigidity, and slow, imprecise movement, parkinson's disease
inflammation of the tissues adjacent to the nail of a finger or toe usually accompanied by infection and pus formation—compare whitlow. paronychia
Open, unobstructed, affording free passage. patent
a small red or purple spot caused by bleeding into the skin. petechiae
inflammation of the nerve phlebitis
is a condition in which excess fluid builds around the lung. pleural effusion
a disease of the lungs due to inhalation of dust pneumoconiosis
presence in the blood of erythrocytes showing abnormal variation in shape. poikilocytosis
farsightedness caused by loss of elasticity of the lens of the eye, occurring typically in middle and old age. presbyopia
an early symptom indicating the onset of a disease or illness. prodrome
the likely course of a disease or ailment. prognosis
severe itching of the skin pruritus
a skin disease marked by red, itchy, scaly patches. psoriasis
an abnormal rattling sound heard when examining unhealthy lungs with a stethoscope. rales
a disease characterized by spasm of the arteries in the extremities raynauds phenomenon
are coarse rattling respiratory sounds somewhat like snoring, usually caused by secretions in bronchial airways rhonchi
a contagious viral disease, with symptoms like mild measles. rubella
excision of the fallopian tubes salpingectomy
abnormal lateral curvature of the spine. scoliosis
a partial loss of vision or a blind spot in an otherwise normal visual field. scotoma
an instrument for measuring blood pressure sphygmomanometer
a congenital defect of the spine in which part of the spinal cord and its meninges are exposed through a gap in the backbone. spina bifida
a painful condition of the spine resulting from the degeneration of the intervertebral disks. spondylosis
a medical instrument for listening to the action of someone's heart or breathing stethoscope
abnormal alignment of the eyes strabismus
a harsh vibrating noise when breathing stridor
blood pressure when the heart is contracting systole
a blood clot formed in within the vascular system of the body and impeding blood flow. thrombus
a fungus skin disease tinea
ringing or buzzing in the ears. tinnitus
urea in the blood uremia
a rash of round, red welts on the skin that itch intensely, sometimes with dangerous swelling, caused by an allergic reaction, typically to specific foods. urticaria
chicken pox varicella
a mass of varicose veins in the spermatic cord. varicocele
sensation of spinning vertigo
a small fluid-filled bladder, sac, cyst, or vacuole within the body. vesicle
a condition in which the pigment is lost from areas of the skin, causing whitish patches, often with no clear cause. vitiligo
an obstruction caused by twisting of the stomach or intestine. volvulus
Created by: elegaspi203



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