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Religion

religion is fun

TermDefinition
Polytheism The belief in many different gods.
Monotheism The belief in one of the gods.
Talmud A variety of Jewish writings, or opinions, that help advance, interpret, the laws and teachings of the Hebrew Bible, or Tanakh.
Ethics A set of moral principles or values.
Exile To banish or expel from one’s own country or home.
Jewish Diaspora The scattering of the Jewish people outside their homeland, beginning in 586 B.C.E.
Yavneh An ancient city in Israel that became a center for Jewish learning.
Hinduism A religion that developed in India over many centuries; it traces its roots to older traditions, such as Vedic beliefs and Brahmanism.
Vedas A collection of ancient writings viewed as sacred by many Hindus.
Sanskrit An ancient Indian language.
Brahmanism Ancient ritual traditions in which Brahmins played a key role; it grew out of older Vedic religious beliefs and helped lead to Hinduism.
Caste A class, or group, in Hindu society.
Dharma A belief found in Hinduism and other Indian traditions that a person has a duty or obligation to live an honorable life.
Karma A belief found in Hinduism and other Indian traditions that the good and evil done in a past life determines the nature of that person’s next life.
Reincarnation The belief that a person’s soul is reborn into a new body after death.
Pilgrimage A journey to a holy place.
Buddha A Sanskrit word meaning “enlightened”; the name given to the man who founded Buddhism.
Ascetic A person who gives up worldly pleasure.
Enlightenment The state of gaining spiritual insight and finding universal truth; the goal of Buddhists.
Alms Goods or money given to the poor.
Nirvana An ideal state of happiness and peace
Four noble truths The four basic doctrines, or principles, of Buddhism
Eightfold Path A key idea of Buddhism whereby followers should live their lives according to these eight teachings.
Qur’an The holy book of the religion of Islam.
Sunnah The example that Muhammad set for Muslims about how to live.
Five Pillars The most basic acts of worship for Muslims: declaration of faith, prayer, charity, fasting, and making a pilgrimage to Makkah.
Mosque A Muslim house of worship.
Ramadan The ninth month of the Islamic calendar during which Muslims are required to fast.
Jihad Muslims’ struggle with challenges within themselves and the world as they strive to please God.
Shari’ah The body of Islamic law based on the Qur’an and the Sunnah.
Trinity In Christianity, the unity of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit as three beings in one God
Salvation Being saved from sin; in Christianity, to be specifically saved by Jesus, the source of salvation.
Roman Catholic A Christian church headed by the pope in Rome.
Eastern Orthodox A Christian church that grew out of Christianity in eastern Europe and present-day Turkey.
Protestant Any member of a Christian church founded on the principles of the Reformation.
Sacrament A sacred rite, or ritual, of Christian churches.
Baptism The Christian sacrament that makes a person a member of the Christian Church.
Holy Communion A Christian sacrament in which bread and wine are consumed as memorials of Jesus’s Last Supper with his disciples.
Created by: DespresM.21
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