Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

AP Gov Chapter 10

Chapter 10 Vocab Terms

TermDefinition
Judicial Review Power of the courts to review acts of other branches of government and the states
Judiciary Act of 1789 Established basic three tiered structure of the fed court system
Marbury vs. Madison 1803 Case in which USSC asserted the power of judicial review!
Trial Courts Courts of original jurisdiction
Appellate Courts Courts that review only the findings of law made by lower courts
Jurisdiction Authority vested in a particular court to hear and decide the issues
Original Jurisdiction Jurisdiction of courts that hear a case first (usually in trial)
Appellate Jurisdiction Power vested in an appellate court to review/revise the decision of a lower court
Criminal Law Codes of behavior related to the protection of property and individual safety
Civil Law Codes of behavior related to business and contractual relationships
Constitutional Courts Federal courts specifically created by the Constitution/Congress
Legislative Courts Courts established by congress for a specialised purpose (court of military appeals)
Brief Document containing the legal written arguments of a case
Precedent A prior judicial decision that serves as a rule for settling subsequent cases of similar nature
Stare Decisis A reliance on past decisions or precedents to formulate decisions in new cases
Senatorial Courtesy Process by which presidents generally defer selection of district court judges to the choice of senators of their own party who represent the state where vacancy occurs
Writ of Certiorari A request for the court to order up the records from a lower court to review the case
Rule of Four At least four justices of the Supreme Court must vote to consider a case before it can be heard
Solicitor General The fourth-ranking member of the Department of Justice; responsible for handling all appeals on behalf of the US government to the Supreme court
Amicus Curiae “Friend of the Court” amici may file briefs or even appear to argue their interests orally before the court
Judicial Restraint A philosophy of judicial decision making that argues courts should allow the decisions of other branches of government to stand, even when they offend a judge’s own sense of principles
Judicial Activism A philosophy of judicial decision making that argues judges should use their power broadly to further justice, especially in the areas of equality and personal liberty
Strict Constructionist An approach to constitutional interpretation that emphasizes the Framers’ original intentions
Judicial Implementation Refers to how and whether judicial decisions are translated into actual public policies affecting more than the immediate parties to a lawsuit