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AP Gov Chapter 7

Chapter 7 Vocabulary Terms

Bicameral legislature two house legislature
Apportionment allotting congressional seats to each state following changes in their populations
Redistricting redrawing of congressional districts to reflect increases/decreases in population
Bill proposed legislation
Impeachment power of House to officially investigate and charge the president
Majority party party with the most members in Congress
Minority party party with least members in Congress
Speaker of the house Head of the House; only member mentioned in the Constitution
Party Caucus/Conference Formal gathering of all party members
Majority Leader Elected leader of the majority party
Minority Leader Elected leader of the minority party
Whip Maintains contact with all party members, takes nose counts of key votes, and ensures that party loyalty is kept
President Pro Tempore Official chair of Senate; usually most senior member of majority party
Standing Committee Committee to which proposed bills are referred
Joint Committee Committee with members from both houses
Conference Committee Joint Committee created to iron out differences in Senate/House bills
Select Committee Temporary Committee appointed to conduct special studies/investigations
Discharge Petition Vote by majority in House that puts bill onto floor cause of inaction in committee
Pork Legislation that brings jobs, money, etc. to representative’s districts
Earmark Funds that bill gives to state/district
Seniority Time of continuous service on a Committee
Incumbency being in office helps person stay in office because of air time, recognition, etc.
Trustee reps. listen to people’s opinions, but may make decisions based on their own judgements
Delegate Reps. listen to people’s opinions and make decisions based on these opinions
Politicos Reps. that act as trustees and delegates depending on the issue
Divided Government When different parties control Congress and the White House
Logrolling Voting for a bill expecting that the supporter of said bill will vote for your bill later on
Markup Committee members offer changes to bill before it goes to the floor
Hold Senators asking to be informed before a bill goes to the floor, showing that they may not support it
Filibuster Way to kill a bill by calling for unlimited debate on it
Cloture 60 senators voting to end a filibuster
Veto President rejects a bill, killing it
Pocket Veto If Congress adjourns after 10 days, and the president hasn’t signed the bill, it is considered to be dead
Congressional Review A process whereby Congress can nullify agency regulations by a joint resolution of legislative disapproval
War Powers Act Passed in 1973; the president is limited in the deployment of troops overseas to a sixty day period in peacement (which can be extended for an extra thirty days to permit withdrawal) unless Congress explicitly gives its approval for a longer period
Senatorial Courtesy A process by which presidents, when selecting district court judges, defer to the senator in whose state the vacancy occurs