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AP Gov Chapter 6

Chapter 6 Vocabulary Terms

Civil rights government-protected rights of individuals against arbitrary treatment by people/government cause of race, sex, etc.
13th amendment banned slavery in U.S.
Black codes laws denying most legal rights to newly freed slaves
14th amendment guarantees equal protection/due process of law to all U.S. citizens
15th amendment gave newly freed male slaves right to vote
Jim Crow laws laws that discriminated against blacks by creating “whites only” public areas
Poll tax tax on voting to stop poor blacks from voting
Grandfather clause only those whose grandfathers had voted could vote (stopped blacks from voting)
Plessy v. Ferguson caused Supreme Court to say that discrimination was legal as long as the separate facilities were “separate but equal” (short version)
Suffrage movement drive for women’s right to vote
19th amendment gave women right to vote
Brown v. Board of Edu school segregation illegal because violated 14th amendment, ending legal segregation in the U.S. (short version)
Equal protection clause section of 14th amendment that guarantees equal protection of the law to all
Civil Rights Act of 1964 outlawed segregation in public plus racial discrimination in employment, education, and voting
De Jure Discrimination racial discrimination caused by the law (illegal)
De Facto Discrimination racial discrimination caused by practice, such as personal acts/housing patterns(legal)
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission federal agency that enforces the Civil Rights Act
Equal rights Amendment proposed amendment that would have barred discrimination against women
Suspect classification category (race mainly) that triggers highest judicial scrutiny
Strict scrutiny heightened standard of review used by the Supreme Court
Title IX bars schools from discriminating against females
Affirmative action policies giving attention/compensatory treatment to a previously disadvantaged group